SOC311H5 Study Guide - Winter 2019, Comprehensive Midterm Notes - Canada, Racism, Substance Abuse

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13 Feb 2019
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How interaction with the legal system has long lasting affects/consequences
What is prisoner re-entry?
The process of leaving prison and returning to society
Petersilia - All activities and programming conducted to prepare ex convicts to
return safely to the community
Turner - 3 phase process. Begins when someone is admitted to prison,
continues as they prepare for release, and includes the actual release
Gottschalk - the term suggests that ex-offenders are being returned to a level of
habilitation, integration, and participation that they formerly enjoyed, yet many
former offenders were never involved in the integration of society to begin with
Acknowledge that it is a process
Why study prisoner re-entry
93% of all prisoners are eventually released, it is something that is happening all
of the time
Approx. 68% of those released recidivate within 3 years
US stats: 600,000 individuals re-entering society, more than 8 million under
state control/government supervision
Canadian stats: 85,170 released from jail/prison, 137,471 released from remand
custody, 20,506 other releases
A lot of people getting out of jail, but we don’t do a good job of making sure
that they don’t go back
Much more cost effective to make sure they stay out and develop good
programming
Terminology and the importance of language: Inmate, prisoner, other
Nomenclatures are important and exist to clarify the world around us
The marshall project - how to refer to people behind bars
200 responses
38% preferred incarcerated person, 23% preferred prisoner, 10%
preferred inmate
30% selected other (people in prison, man or women, persons name)
Inmate: used to just mean that you occupied a house, now means that you're in
Intro -January 10 -Week 1
Tuesday, January 8, 2019
11:09 AM
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Inmate: used to just mean that you occupied a house, now means that you're in
prison or mental institution.
Incarcerated person: doesn't attack someone's character as much as others.
Prisoner: accurate and acknowledges that they are victims
Other: referring to them as their name, man or women, people. Allows them to
defines themselves as who they are outside of prison. Just because you did
something in the past, doesn’t mean that should always be your label
Why do labels matter?
Why might labels be significant for those exiting the prison system?
Begin to believe you are that label
Self-fulfilling prophecy
Stigmatization
Dehumanizing
Obscures other parts of an individuals identity
Frames certain groups as invisible or dispensable
Conceals broader issues like racism and classism
Reinforces division between law abiding and law breaking
Disguises the reality of imprisonment
Language as a tool of oppression
*****use formerly incarcerated people or ex prisoner for
assignments****
Dinner with bruce - reading
Thing-pair-share
Story about formerly incarcerated person named Bruce returning to society
General thoughts?
What are some of the barriers to re-entry that were identified
Hard to find social networks
Hard to make connections with people without mentioning he was in
prison
Had a hard time finding a job, but eventually found a difficult job
Lack of public social skills example: restaurant
Lacking transportation
Substance abuse issues
Health, mental health needs
What were some of the signs of the institutionalization that Bruce exhibited
Hard to do things in normal environments example: cooking
Difficulty making friends/social networks
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Difficulty making friends/social networks
How did the article demonstrate the impact of being labelled a murderer/felon
Committed to changing his behaviour but still has a lot of concerns about
himself
Obscured the context of his actual crime
Main take away?
Attend to contextual piece that is often missing
Highlights the way we can see these experiences differently when we can
read these individuals stories
Starts to do a good job of showing how individuals are set up to fail
§
Jobs
§
Social networks
Next week
Governance of former prisoners
Guiding questions
What are the various forms of control exercised over criminalized
individuals
How does the governance of former prisoners impact their life on the
outside
What does the governance of former prisoners suggest about their
character
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