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Midterm

SOC Practice Test 1

6 Pages
537 Views

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC100H5
Professor
Nathan Innocente

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Description
In
this
answer
key
you
will
find
duplicates
of
your
test
prep
questions,
along
with
additional
 information
about
the
question
and
answer.
Each
correct
response
will
be
bolded,
and
 additional
information,
such
as
type
of
question,
information
sources,
and
(in)correct
 responses,
will
follow
each
question.

 
 Question
Type:
either
a
textbook
question,
a
lecture
question,
or
an
overlapping
question
 (one
covered
in
both
the
textbook
and
in
lecture).
 
 Source:
where
the
information
about
the
correct
response
can
be
found.
 
 Why
this
is
correct:
an
explanation
for
why
the
correct
response
is
indeed
correct.
 
 Why
the
others
aren’t:
an
explanation
for
why
the
other
responses
are
incorrect.

 
 
 Answer
Key
 
 1.
Which
theoretical
perspective
advocates
the
re‐establishment
of
equilibrium
as
a
way
to
 solve
social
problems?

 a.
Conflict
 
 b.
Postmodernism
 
 c.
Feminist
 
 d.
Functionalism
 
 Overlapping
question
 Lecture:
Theory
I,
slide
6
/
Text:
pg
12
 
 Why
this
is
correct:
one
of
the
main
tenets
of
functionalism
is
the
stability
of
patterns
of
 social
relations
and
behaviours.
Problems,
like
suicide
or
civil
unrest,
occur
because
the
 social
order
is
thrown
into
chaos
by
rapid
social
change
(i.e.
the
rise
of
industrialism).
Thus,
 social
problems
emerge
from
instability,
and
can
solved
by
achieving
stability
and
 equilibrium.

 
 Why
the
others
aren’t:
none
of
the
others
propose
this
method
for
solving
problems.

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 2.
A
symbolic
interactionist
examines
the
statement
“It
is
polite
to
say
thank
you
when
 receiving
a
gift”.

What
part
of
that
sentence
represents
the
ascribed
meaning?

 a.

Polite
 
 b.
Thank
you
 
 c.
Receiving
the
gift
 
 d.
It
 
 Lecture
question
 Lecture:
Theory
II,
slide
5
 
 Why
this
is
correct:
in
class
we
discussed
the
complex
minutia
(small
precise
details)
of
 microinteractions.
Specifically,
we
looked
at
how
our
sense
of
self
is
formed
through
 interactions
with
others.
How
we
think
other
people
perceive
us
is
important
to
our
 development
of
a
sense
of
self.
Mead
examines
this
process
by
looking
at
how
we
ascribe
 meaning
to
particular
behaviours
(interactive
behaviour),
and
how
that
meaning
is
shaped
 by
our
interactions
with
significant
and
generalized
others.
In
this
example,
we
ascribe
 meaning
(polite)
to
gift
giving
(behaviour)
because
that
is
what
is
expected
of
us
from
those
 in
society
with
whom
we
interact
(It,
or
the
generalized
other).

 
 Why
the
others
aren’t:
saying
thank
you
when
receiving
a
gift
is
the
interactive
behaviour,
 and
“it”
refers
to
the
generalized
others.

 
 
 3.
What
is
a
key
feature
of
contemporary
adult
socialization?

 a.
Declining
adult
supervision
 
 b.
Increases
in
media
influence
 
 c.
Fluid,
flexible
identities
 
 d.
Reduced
peer
influence
 
 Overlapping
question
 Lecture:
Socialization,
slide
15
/
Text:
pg
69‐70
 
 Why
this
is
correct:
as
we’ve
discussed
under
postmodernism,
globalization,
and
 consumerism
(and
as
you’ve
read
these
topic),
the
notion
of
identity
has
become
more
fluid
 in
contemporary
society.
It
is
more
eclectic
and
changes
more
easily
and
more
frequently.
 This
is
true
of
adult
socialization.
Adults
are
freer
today
to
adjust
or
alter
themselves
for
all
 of
the
reasons
mentioned
under
the
above
theories
and
issues
(such
as
a
wider
array
of
 products
to
consume,
more
exposure
to
cultural
ideas,
etc),
and
also
through
technology
 and
science
(surgery,
dieting,
fitness).
In
addition,
the
online
community
gives
adults
much
 more
freedom
to
establish
their
identities
(online
profiles,
online
communities,
role
 playing)
or
to
selectively
socialize.

 
 Why
the
others
aren’t:
most
of
the
others
refer
to
youth
(peers,
declining
adult
supervision
 for
children).
Media
influence
is
important
for
adult
socialization,
but
it
is
not
the
key
 feature.

 4.
A
journalist
reports
that
children
as
young
as
6
years
old
in
one
culture
are
subjected
to
 forced
marriages.
The
journalist
argues
that
this
is
ok
because
it
is
an
accepted
practice
in
 that
culture.
What
is
the
journalist’s
position?


 a.
Ethnocentrism

 
 b.
Multiculturalism
 
 c.
Postmodernism
 
 d.
Cultural
relativism

 
 Overlapping
question
 Lecture:
Culture,
slide
9
/
Text:
pg
41‐2
 
 Why
this
is
correct:
judging
a
culture
entirely
by
its
own
values
(the
belief
that
all
cultures
 are
equal)
is
a
key
feature
of
cultural
relativism.
In
this
case,
the
journalist
ignores
the
 obvious
gender
inequalities
and
violations
of
human
rights
and
states
that
the
practice
of
 child
marriage
is
fine
because
it
is
accepted
in
a
particular
culture.

 
 Why
the
others
aren’t:
none
of
the
other
response
options
capture
the
position
of
the
 journalist.
He
is
not
judging
the
other
culture
(ethnocentrism),
postmodernism
does
not
 apply
in
this
context,
and
multiculturalism
is
a
political
policy,
not
an
individual
position.

 
 5.
A
researcher
is
interested
in
the
relationship
between
watching
many
children’s
TV
 shows
and
gender
identity
that
children
form.
Children’s
shows
are
defined
as
TV
cartoons
 targeted
at
2‐5
year
olds.
After
completing
the
study,
the
researcher
finds
that
children
who
 watched
more
than
10
hours
of
children’s
TV
shows
in
a
week
are
more
likely
to
develop
 stereotypical
gender
identities.

 
 What
is
the
independent
variable
in
this
study?

 a.
Gender
 
 b.
Identity
 
 c.
Hours
of
TV

 
 d
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