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Part of Exam Review for Green

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University of Toronto Mississauga
Barry Green

March 30, 2010 SOC LEC Max Weber His base of indentifying society is through meaningful rational social actions. It means actions makes sense to yourself and others, and is therefore social. Social actions are action oriented towards others that the act maker attaches meaning to. Human beings act for a reason and therefore it is GOAL ORIENTED. Example: Why did the French revolution happen? Why did the people want to leave their masters/land owners in spite of the stable job? Because they were fed up with the way they were treated. They wanted freedom and personal independence from the aristocrats (land owners). Problem: It takes a lot of work to ask individuals why they did a certain action. Solution: He created a method of studying social action. He divided social actions into four basic types. Every action is associated with these forms: 1. Goal Oriented Actions: • Our actions are towards a goal: it is to accomplish something Example: Doing actions that focus on getting: a UTM degree, promoted at work, award for charitable work, a favourite candidate win the elections - Why is it social? You’re here because it is a connection between now and your career - Your career will define what your status and what your stand point in the future and the rest of the society is going to be 2. Actions Oriented toward a Value: • We act on things that we consider as important Example: Value of knowledge: I am here at UTM because I want a I want good education Value of helping others Volunteering at a hospital 3. Action oriented towards Tradition: • We act according to what has been done over and over again from a long time ago • It connects us to our heritage, makes us not feel left out Example: - Speaking the language of my country even if I live in another country. - Celebrating special occasions of a certain country even if you no longer live there • Our traditions can be meaningful or meaningless(when it is not practice , ex: “because I’m in Canada” ) • This depends on the period in which we live Example: I am going to university because my family went to university 4. Acting towards Emotions or Affective behaviour: (this is a
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