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Chapter 10 & 11
Social stratification, social mobility, class system, caste system,
meritocracy, relative poverty, absolute poverty, intragenerational social
mobility, intergenerational social mobility.
Chapter 12 & 15
Global stratification, colonialism, modernization theory, dependency
theory, high- middle- and low- income countries.
Gender, gender stratification, gender roles, intersection theory, sexual
Race, ethnicity, minority, majority, prejudice, racism, stereotype,
discrimination, pluralism, assimilation, segregation, genocide.
Chapter 16 & 17
Economy, capitalism, socialism, communism, welfare capitalism, primary
& secondary labour markets, power, government, rational-legal authority,
Chapter 18 & 19
Family, kinship, nuclear family, endogamy, polygamy, cohabitation,
religion, ritual, animism, religiosity.
Chapter 20 & 21
Universal Medical Coverage
Key Terms Chap 10 to 2116:03
Social Stratification – a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a
hierarchy, so that some people have more money, power, and prestige than others.
Social Mobility – a change in position within the social hierarchy
Caste System – social stratification based on ascription or birth
Class System – social stratification based on both birth and individual achievement
Meritocracy – social stratification based on personal permit
Relative Poverty – the deprivation of some people in relation to those who have
Absolute Poverty – a deprivation of resources that is life threatening.
Intragenerational Social Mobility – change in a social position occurring during a
Global Stratification – Patterns of social inequality in the world as a whole
Colonialism - the process through which nations enrich themselves through the
political and economic control of other nations