SOC205H5 Study Guide - Comprehensive Final Exam Guide - Ford Focus, Positivism, Criminology

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20 Nov 2018

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C(cid:396)eati(cid:374)g a (cid:858)just(cid:859) so(cid:272)iet(cid:455) that (cid:271)ala(cid:374)(cid:272)es f(cid:396)eedo(cid:373) + (cid:396)ights (cid:449)ith o(cid:271)ligatio(cid:374)s + the (cid:858)so(cid:272)ial good(cid:859) Is the ki(cid:374)g pe(cid:396)(cid:373)itted to (cid:396)ule: rousseau, people are born free + man should not surrender to slavery, the leader should be voted by the people. Reaction to the treatment of crime + punishment. 6: proportionality the punishment should fit the crime, not the criminal. Punishment must be a certainty + quick (hard to enforce) should be certain (high degree of certainty that they will be punished: crucial to promote deterrence, eg) south africa (ppl knew they are not gna get caught) 7: offender should be viewed as an independent + reasonable individual who are aware of the consequences of the crime crime is a product of rational decision. The (cid:396)athe(cid:396) u(cid:374)(cid:272)o(cid:373)pli(cid:272)ated (cid:448)ie(cid:449) of (cid:858)(cid:396)atio(cid:374)al (cid:373)a(cid:374)(cid:859) did (cid:374)ot full(cid:455) a(cid:374)s(cid:449)e(cid:396) the (cid:395)uestio(cid:374) of what caused crime. Specific deterrence: deter the specific person to commit crime again (reduce recidivism)

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