soc209 lc 9.doc

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Zachary Levinsky

soc209- lc - The Effects of PunishmentMental Illness and solitary Confinement 3 office hours this week: today - 230 - 330 tues - 1- 3 wed - 1 -3 Lecture Outline - the relationship between mental health & confinement system - gender difference - the effects of solitary confinement - the use of solitary confinement in Canada in particular for eg, when you can use the whole. - they have rules as to how long you can stay there, who is allowed to get in there under what conditions etc. - case of Ashley Smith Mental Health and the Criminal Justice ssytem - over the past 30 eyars, Canada has seen a massive increase in their population - we seen this as a rise of punitive punishment come in with the decline of rehabilitation. - the rise of people with mental illness becomes very important - overepresetantion of aboriginal in provincial and federal system - the rise of the population coincicdenet with a massive change - known as deinstutiontalization. =- after the creation of anti depressions nad medication - there was assumptions that you dont have to keep them away for long time on confinement - you can use medication so the 1970s was a new process- shut down mental hospitals - and shut down beds - and these psycho poeple came onto the street. - the lack of community mental health - often gets these individuals in contact with the police becuase hteir behavour can be disruptive etc. - that can bring attention for spcial agents of control eg, polic e- if someone is yelling at the street and there is no one near them - they often do crime, heavy theft, property related stuff and they get caught. - mental illness people are no more likely to commit crime than us. - but there was a perception that they will. - Steven harper cartoon -he has his beaucrat in front of him. - this is common reaction to the problem of poor and mentally ill - they end up in the prison population - so our prison population booms because of this. - 80 are one drugs, and 61 hhave dianigosis why? 1. unfrotunatly, medication are used to control behaviour not treat illness - if someone is being disruptive sometimes antipsychotic mediactiaons are given and anti depressants are given in order to depress behaviour and that stop their behaviour 2: the use of meds for control - people are properly diagnosed - the increase of medication in community -e xtends in the prisons nad people who get into prison are not evualated there properly either. The poor dianisgoses prior to incarceration leaves many poeple with profound mental illness - very select group for eg, schizo, bipolar conditiosn, anti social personalty disroder, extreme forms of depresison. In order to even get access to whatever treatment is available - they really do limit who is able to get access to this medication.* That really means anyone who is a bit drepressed, have some anxiet, and other peronsality disorders there often not classified as mentally ill - so if they behave inpaporatioy - their behaviour is seen as inapprproaite. Soliatry confinement -: is not really good. - under these conditions - its a very strict form of punishment - with peopel with mental illness that becomes very concerning. default tool for control - soliatary confinement* Reasearch on SOliatary confinement - researchers found that spending lots of time in confinement - has negative results - long term psychiatric patients - in cprisons - creastes more psyactic symtpons. - so if you didn't go into confinement with a mental illness, you most likely leave with a mental illness. (Kupers) - he aruges becusae of the antispychotic meds dont work to improve behaivour - and beusae mental illness gets worse over time, there is a vicious cycle of acting out tha thappne s- so when prisons get distubed nad confined in the cage for a long time - they become more and more disruptive - and escalates violents for others - etc. Haney - large study in the US - biug super max prison - he wnted to knwo whterh or not spending long times of segregation - typicaly 90 days or more - whether or not that had siginicatn impact on person. Appetite - peope wouldnt be eating, sleeping: wouldnt be able to sleep becuase of the lights on, anxiety and panic atacks - anything can make them angry and agittaed, loss of control, - examples where they put animals in the cage for along time - the animal gets disruptive. - wage and los of control, apanoia, deprivation - will make poeple have alternative thoughts, self relation - harming thsemvles by cutting, by ligature stragulation, babging their head on their wall, breaking things, such as glass. - peopel who go in confeinemnt - have higher suicidal thoughts - emotional pattern changes - not people woh can stick withr eality well for along time - have to change their behaviour often. Effects of Soliatary Confinement in Canada - are they harmful of not of confinement? Mortiuk - segregated inmantes have low tolerance for fustration, tend to be hostiel, thrill seeking, not relaflective, manipulative etc. (this is for 90 dyas or more) - there are some short term of confinement - 60 days or less has no impact on silairty confinement** some researchers say this. - is it just an issue of time? - excluding beings from social interaction can become a seriousl amtter. 3 reasons why someone can go into confinement: 1. you are adanger to others - so we have to remove you from genral population. 2. your prensece on the population makes it dicciult to make it investiaget what hapened. 3. or your presence in the general population - you are a risk to yousrself - and thus you have to be removed who are those kind of people? - 3. sick people who are suicidal, , pedafiles, rapists,serious self harming behaviours, notorious and have certain kind of convictions, typically men, they are the lowest ranking imnates of all - and they are more likely to be at risk at hurting poeple. - peopel who are transgernder, gay, lesbians - ask to be in soliatry confinement becusae of their gender they are scared to be haraseed. - the use of solilatyar confinemen t in Canda - and set up the segreagation 1997 - important date - investigation 722 indidivuals on administarteve segregation - they found that 50% of them were there voluntarliy, nad 50% were involutnarily. 3/4 were 90 dyas or less. - these are nto the poeple that they are concerned with. - 76 - were less than 90s, 24 - were there longer than 90 days - they were oncerned with those that are longer in 90 days. - long time. - a lot of thee individuals - as a means of waiting for transfer- they were put in the hole. Specifica taks force findings - one that segregated inmanes were put in not based on of the three points that were entioned before, - if we loo at punsihment general level - going to prison - nayhting that happens in the prison - has to be not extra primitive. -the time frames are not necassrily followed - and the corectional serice of canaada - even tho the law asya you are not allwoed to ghave someone in segregation for more than 60 days without an review - it is not really folowed. inamtes wer also not given any inform
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