SOC 244.docx

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Alison Weir

Parental divorce and child mental health prjectories Journal of Marriage and Family 67 (December 2005): 1286–1300 In the academic journal “Parental divorce and child mental health prjectories” The purpose conducted in the research was to compare the mental health trajectories of children whose remained married compared to those of parents who were divorced by 1998. The question is whether or not children after divorce experienced increased feelings of anxiety, depression, and an increase of antisocial behavior. In addition, it is questionable whether or not parental divorce can be damaging to a child’s mental health. It was also questioned that whether or not household income, parental education, and homeownership was necessary as each were directly with divorce, and child health problems. For example, it was shown that families with lower incomes were subject to higher divorce rates (page2). In addition to divorce perhaps whether or not a parent is depressed could affect the child’s emotion, and cause behavioral problems (Page 3). All of these questions gained answers which were sought out by conducting extensive research. There were many methods used to conduct their research, Such as surveys, and interviews. The study took a Canadian sample of children ranging from the ages of 4-7 in 1994, who are living with two biological parents and comparing the child’s mental health with children whose parents remain together. The method was designed to track the health and well being of the nationally represented Canadian children over a period of time. This study continued to interview those children every two years, to track their progress. In total the children were interviewed a total of 3 times between 1994-1998. Children who lost a parent through death were excluded because the circumstance was fundamentally different from divorce. The system of growth curve analysis was also used, which allowed the study to distinguish the effects associated with being a child of divorce from those associated with going through parental divorce. The study concluded that the family dynamics such as household income, parental education, and depression happen to increase the likelihood of divorce also increase the mental health problems of dependent children. Through the process of divorce it was also found that the child began to experience increased levels of anxiety and depression. Children also began to demonstrate antisocial behaviour. It was decisive that children of divorce exhbitied significantly higher levels of mental health problems in comparison to children whose parents remained married. Delayed Parental Divorce: How Much Do Children Benefit Journal of Marriage and Family 63 (May 2001): 446–45 The study searches the long-term effects of divorce between children who experienced divorce in childhood to those who were young adults when their parents divorced. There is also a question whether or not pre-existing factors such as a child’s behavioral problems, psychological status, and the families’ economic circumstances differentiate from the behavior’s resulting from the divorce. It is also speculated if divorce is more likely with parents who have personal, social, and economic problems (Page 2). Presume parents in troubled relationships and family situations, who perhaps might normally divorce, were to stay together until their children are grown before divorcing. How much, would this preposition of postponing it moderate the effects of divorce on children? The data within this study came from the National Child Development Study (NCDS), which was a study of children born in Britain in the first week of March 1958. The children were followed until the age of 7, and then interviewed again twice at the ages of 23, and 33. It was done at these specific age increments because those are key moments in one’s life, childhood, early adolescence, and then being a full grown adult. The analysis was performed on men and women separately because the timing and sequencing of events in early adulthood often tend to contrast between the two genders. It was also assessed whether or not the effects of divorce are due to the difficulties of growing up in a single parent family or, on the other hand everything that transpired prior to the marital breakup. Through examining adults whose parents divorced after they were grown, it was tested whether the consequences of divorce were more severe when it occurred in childhood. When the study was concluded it was found that there is a complex relationship between Experiencing divorce as a child and experiencing divorce as a young adult. After divorce it became apparent that they had lower education, and became more likely to be poor. Therefore, predivorce and post-divorce played a vital role for young children, as it affects important future variables, such as obtaining a good education, and relationships. There was a common factor that both the child and adult who went through divorce experienced. It was found that they formed relationships with others earlier and dissolve them even more quickly regardless of when the divorce occurred. It was evident that the effects of divorce had much more consequences on a child then on an adult. Reason being because a child is undeveloped and needs to grow. Divorce causes a lot of stress on the child and slows down theyre development. As opposed to adults who are already fully developed. The Consequences of Divorce for Adults and Children Purpose/Method The author places great emphasis on the differences between married and divorced families. He is curious to know whether there are differences in the well-b
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