SOC219 FINAL terms and questions.docx

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Jennifer Carlson

Panopticon -Disciplinary power (as opposed to sovereign power) -Surveillance, normalization, and knowledge is power (not something one person has) -Creating docile bodies -Self-governance due to fear of being watched -Power is continuous, visible and unverifiable Total Institution -Life happens under one roof -Individuals are interchangeable -Tight scheduling and routines -Organized in rational ‘plan’ Prisonization -Socialization of people into prison -Situational withdrawal -Everyday rebellion -Colonization -Conversion Disciplinary Power -According to Foucault, is exercised by those more powerful than their subordinates in order to make their subordinates behave in ways in which the ones in power wish them to -Power structures not only control people’s actions directly, but indirectly whereby people become easier to control to the extent that they discipline themselves to act in line with the wishes of the person or organization that controls them. Surveillance -According to Foucault, it is a repressive device used to control and prevent deviant behaviour -Women’s lack of “socialization” and “structure” used to justify programs of extensive surveillance -Surveillance is productive Normalization Inmate Code -Don’t snitch or exploit inmates -Don’t pick fights but be ready to fight -Don’t trust guards -Man up -Masculinity reproduced as form of survival Embodied Surveillance -Observer and the observed are known to each other -Verifiable form of surveillance Maternal Model -Motivated by reformation -Low-security -Female dominated caretaking -Domestic work as rehabilitation -Benevolent discipline Custodial Model -Motivated by retribution -High-security architecture -Male-dominated authority -Work and earnings -Harsh discipline Creating Choices -Women inmates more likely to suffer from mental illness Report (1980s/1990s) -Most incarcerated women are mothers -Women’s difference an increasing concern -Emphasis on empowerment -Five guiding principles: empowerment, meaningful/responsibility choices, respect and dignity, supportive environment, and shared responsibility Criminalization -Looking at how people come to be processed and labeled as criminals Battered Woman -Histories of abuse and psychological trauma Syndrome -Learned helplessness of victim -Lashing out as a result of long-term abuse -Case of Deborah Pegler False Allegation Police say, they receive ‘false allegations’all the time but studies prove that they are not that common. Paradox Reid Technique -Very long interrogation and confronting of the accused to develop a storyline, feeding insider information only the offender would know and stopping denial throughout the process -Doesn’t stop until the accused confesses (coerced) False Confession -Coerced, feeding details -May be a easy way out (i.e. lesser sentence) -Protecting someone else Witness Credibility -Looking for inconsistencies, body language, age, sex, and race of the witness Chivalry Thesis Male bread model; believes women are just caretakers but also need to be protected by the estate that would propel lesser sentences. Therefore male dominated courts are more so lenient to women than men. Familial Paternalism Believes one parental rule to take care of their children, which will impact and serve as a bias of one’s sentence. Separate Spheres Women belong at home in domestic field and men belong out in the world making money. This serves as a paradox because the longer women in ingrained in the justice system the more likely she is to accept the separation of spheres. Contact effect of gender among judges Deborah Peagler - Showcased how gender shapes one process of the criminal justice system. Rachel Jeantel - The gendering of the justice system. Mistreatment to low income minorities because they are less likely to complain because of their history of subjugation. Elizabeth Frye - Examines separate spheres in regards to prison; - Custodial model; along side moral reform, treating, treatment - Maternal model; alongside assumptions about the ‘refundable inmate’, mother figure; maternalism; prison wardens. Retribution Is call for punishment based on a perceived need for vengeance? We think that people should receive what they deserve. This means that people who work hard deserve the fruits of their labor, while those who break the rules deserve to be punished. In addition, people deserve to be treated in the same way that they voluntarily choose to treat others
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