Blurred lines b/w crime and justice
Black’s “crime as social control” thesis:
Crime is a means to exacting justice (or revenge) when legal means are otherwise
- property confiscation
- gang rape
-lack of remorse
- motivated by collective liability
-reversal of victim/perpetrator
-not easily deterred
-often reduced sentences
Film: Crime After Crime
Police processing of Domestic Violence
• Viewed as a “non-crime” aspect of police work
• Legitimate police disputes partitioned from family disputes
• DV calls treated as ‘low priority’, but ‘high risk’
What explains police processing of Peagler and other victims of DV?
who are the police and what is policing?
• Professional policing
• Community policing (broken window policing)
• Intelligence-led/ Preventative policing
• Mission • Action and Excitement
• Authoritarian Conservatism
• Suspicion and Cynicism
Accomplishes 3 things:
1. Provides a ‘how to’manual for doing police work
2. Negotiates the ‘dirty work’of policing
3. Reproduces public law enforcement as gendered organization
Diversify Police Forces: PoliceWOMAN vs. POLICEwoman
Women can either be a woman or a police officer first but not both, they need to choose
b/w them—by choosing POLICE she conforms to the ideals of a police officer—the
masculinity—by choosing WOMAN she keeps her femininity and goes against the ideal
male policing values—may be seen as weak or inferior
• Division of labor according to gender
• Symbols and images that explain and reinforce division
• Everyday, organizationally structured interactions that reproduce relations of
• Desires/feelings about where someone ‘fits in’
• Overarching ideals about what constitutes ‘good work”
Battered woman syndrome
Habeas law in cali
• False allegations paradox
• Phenomenon of “unfolding”
• ‘Didn’t behave like a victim’
Central park five
• tend to be young and/or disabled
• may be fed “insider info.”
• Confirm stereotypes about “blameworthiness”
The Reid technique • The Reid Technique has been criticized because it increases the likelihood of
• Plausibility of theory witness is called on to corroborate
• Trustworthiness of witness
• Integrity of witness testimony
What has an effect on a witness’s testimony?
• Body language
• Age race
Ex. Trayvon Martin case
Do women and men judges and jurors ‘do’justice differently?"
• • Different Voice (difference across the board)"
• • Representational (difference on issues related to women)"
• • Informational (even more differences, structured by occupation)"
• • Organization (no difference)"
Code-Switching: a tactic of going back and forth b/w languages or language varieties that
many minorities use
Rachel Jeantel –the young woman who was on the phone w/ Treyvon Martin
moments before he was shot and killed by George Zimmerman
Jeantel’s lack of ability to code-switch increased her credibility over time
The Minneapolis Domestic Violence Experiment led to an increase in public law
enforcement’s reliance on arrests during domestic disputes.
Police subculture most clearly illustrates gender as institutional logic dimension of
Compared to male officers, female officers are less likely to use force In the clip Police Women of Dallas, the officer initially explains that when she arrives at
a call regarding a domestic dispute, her primary goal is to decide whether to mediate or
Panopticon: organization of power w/in a prison
• inspired by architecture of prisons
• organizing power in most efficient way possible
• Foucault power is not something you have --its something you do
Disciplinary Power (as compared to sovereign power)"
– Knowledge is Power