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summary of estranged labour

1 pages118 viewsWinter 2009

Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC227H5
Professor
Gregory Bird

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Summary of Marx’s “Estranged Labor”
from Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1844
Private property
Workers’ labor
and the resulting
products belong
to the capitalist
First type of alienation: Workers are
alienated from the products of their
labor.
The products don’t belong to the
worker. The more the worker
produces, the less the worker has.
Second type of alienation: Workers are
alienated from the labor process.
Labor is forced, doesn’t satisfy the
worker, is only a means, belongs to
another.
Third type of alienation:
Workers are alienated from
their bodies and human
potential.
Workers’ life-activity is
a means to physical
existence, not an end in
itself.
Fourth type of alienation:
Workers are alienated from
other workers.
Other types of alienation
are reflected in social
relationships.
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