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Horizontal Occupational Gender Segregation
Horizontal occupational segregationrefersto theconcentrationof similargroup peoplein
oneplace or jobmainlyon thebasisof gender or race or somedefinedcharacteristics.Thiskind
of segregationiscaused bygender and racialdifferences mainlydue to thetraditional notions
whichiscarried forwardintheworkplace andapersonscapabilityisjudged on prejudices.
Horizontal Occupational Gender Segregationisparticularlyexistentinjobsor workwheremen
areconsidered superiorto women. Inthispaper,we shalldiscussoccupational segregation
between menandwomenand thereasonbehind thiskind of segregation(Blackburn).
Thereishuge inequalitybetween menandwomeninjobdistributioninthelabour force.
Men areconsidered to bestronger and powerful as compared to womenwhoareconsidered to be
too weak to engage inheavy labour.Womenhaving similarqualificationas men areoffered
inferiorjobsbecauseof whichthey have to face thebrutalityof inequality(Tackling
Occupational SegregationFactSheet).According to RobertM. Blackburnand JenniferJarman,
Horizontal occupational segregationhasbeen theheartof debates about gender inequality.It
shows thatsocial injustice isbeen doneto women intheworkplace thus leading to improper
utilizationof thehumanresources.Italsoreveals thewiderperspective of thesocietyas awhole.
Aresearch was conducted to investigatethepatternof gender differenceand inequalityin
employment using anewconcept of segregation.Thisnew system measured to whichextent
differences existbetween menand women employedindifferent occupation.Itstudied the
changes ingendersegregationinCanada between 1981 and1996. Itwas foundthatthistrend
still continuedwithjustaslight decline intheoverallsegregation.Verticalsegregation
(inequalityassociated withoccupational earnings)declined up to 41% but an increasein
horizontal segregation,that is,difference without such inequality.Theresultsaidthat womenare
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