SOC227H5- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 59 pages long!)

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Published on 30 Nov 2017
School
UTM
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC227H5
Professor
UTM
SOC227H5
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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1
SOC 227WORK AND OCCUPATIONS
Session #1: Culture, Models, History
Readings:
Text: Introduction; Ch. 1: 1-10
“A World without Work”
“Automation and Job Loss in Canada
JK MEDIA ITEM
fears of whether machines are going to replace people
automobile factories are already replacing people with machines don’t need the lights on in
the factory because the machines can work without light
people try to stop technology progress
things we thought machines couldn’t do, we have to re-think because technology has come
such a long way
article says that you don’t have to worry too much
INTRO to the COURSE
SOCIAL CULTURE
Social entity: a grouping of individuals with some awareness that they are members of the
group. You can belong to a country, religion, etc.
Social structure: the relationships among the individual parts of the entity. Friendship or status
structures.
Social culture: elements that are responsible for the individual’s social entity
1. Beliefs: broad ideas about the social entity and how the world works. Beliefs of
what is and how it got that way.
2. Values: ideas about what’s important, assess the beliefs, ideas about what is right
and wrong and how things should be. (i.e. different families have different values for
what is important)
3. Norms: commonly accepted and expected behaviours in the social entity
4. Symbols: objects and behaviours that illustrate the beliefs & values
CAUSAL MODELS: diagrams that show cause and effect relationships
1. Simple:
M-F Power Difference
Gender Harassment
Proportion of M Empl.
Interpretation: male-female power differences
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2
2. Indirect Effect:
Job
Satisfaction
Pay Not
Quitting
Interpretation: effect that goes through another effect. Indirect effect through job
satisfaction relating to whether employees quit. Notion of why the process connects pay
and not quitting
mediating effect comes in between the two variables pay and not quitting job
satisfaction is the mediating effect
3. Interaction Effect:
EG #1: Sex, dominance behaviours, and room size
Room
Size
Sex Dominance
Behaviours
Interpretation: two different ways of showing interaction effect, this relationship depends on the
size of the room small room: male dominance behaviours are enhanced, if it’s a large room:
subdued male dominance behaviours therefore room size is a moderating effect
EG #2: Absenteeism is affected by the interaction of sex and marital status
Marital
Status
Days
Absent
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Document Summary

Automation and job loss in canada fears of whether machines are going to replace people: automobile factories are already replacing people with machines don"t need the lights on in. Social culture: social entity: a grouping of individuals with some awareness that they are members of the group. You can belong to a country, religion, etc: social structure: the relationships among the individual parts of the entity. Friendship or status structures: social culture: elements that are responsible for the individual"s social entity, beliefs: broad ideas about the social entity and how the world works. Causal models: diagrams that show cause and effect relationships: simple: Indirect effect through job satisfaction relating to whether employees quit. Notion of why the process connects pay and not quitting: mediating effect comes in between the two variables pay and not quitting job satisfaction is the mediating effect, interaction effect: Eg #1: sex, dominance behaviours, and room size.

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