SOC227H5 Study Guide - Final Guide: Deindustrialization, Proletariat, Bourgeoisie
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SOC 227 – WORK & OCCUPATIONSSession #2
Characteristics of Industrial Capitalism
4. Industrial Capitalism
5. Corporate Concentration
6. Post-Industrial Society
Theories and Explanations
Classical Economic Explanations
Readings: Text, chap 1: 10-37
Is industrialization happening everywhere? And is it the same everywhere?
Table 1.1 looks at different industrialized countries. Check that table carefully.
Compare those countries with Canada.
What is the ratio of the pay of ceo compared to the pay of the president of the
For canada’s industrialism look at the book pages. The important parts are
highlighted. Canada was still in the pre-market industry in the first have of the 19th
century because we were mostly used for the production of raw materials not finished
goods. Immigrants from Europe only found shortage of urban factories so the ones that
stayed worked long hours to build systems like canals an transportation and the rest
settled in the usa. Poverty was wide spread.
The maritimes were profiting before for shipbuilding, glass and clothing but after they
joined the confederation deindustrialization began
CHARACTERISTICS of INDUSTRIAL CAPITALISM
•Is industrialization good? (table 1.1 12) do not memorize the number but
know what the table is trying to tell you.
•Do countries with high % of women in the labour force how is it related to
income inequality? Do they have higher or lower education level? Lower
•The more support women gets at home the more women work. The country
with the highest levels of help from male is the Netherlands. They also have
high birth rates
•There are a lot of media attention. Past industrialization in china is not
smooth. China’s attraction before was that it was cost effective. But the
wage rates are going up. In china now their wage is going up andis 413
dollars a month. Now there is strikes going on. And now there is employee
unrest in china.
•The threat is that china is going to lose production in bangaledesh,
Cambodia. However, there are other factors that makes this from not
•What is going to happen next in china?
4. INDUSTRIAL CAPITALISM (1900)
Technology: industrial: new technology reduced the need for skilled employees. You
can buy unskilled employees. Mechanization leads to very large factory based
companies. There was the cp rail system. Agriculture declined. Was 1900 60% of
workers in Canada was non agriculture.
Social Culture: political rulers became replaced by rising power. The idea of democracy
was evident. changes become quickly. We think change is good . value of change
serves the interest of those that can benefit. So lay offs occur and justifies poor working
There is upper class system but it is based on money. There are middle class like
professionals, shop keepers. Infrastructure becme evident. Rise of modern nation
You got to have money. You need capital in order to expand and grow. Market for
capital is a very important part
Organization of Work:
Rise of managers. Forman ( lowest level of management-they had the power to hire and
•Deskilling: occurs when technology allows you to break down a job into a
number of unskilled or semi-skilled jobs
•Bureaucracy: the pressure of administration and the notion of the
rational world. X causes y.
Confederation helped industrialization in Canada. Although it was delayed before.
5. CORPORATE CONCENTRATION
Technology: power: electricity. You begin to see things like Ontario hydro. Highways.
Machines become more automatic.
Social Culture: change is good. Attitude towards authority begins to differ. We start to
think about social inequality. Social welfare ideas begin to come into policies.
full-employment capitalism : Full employment capitalism. There is still elite families
with a lot of power. Rise of take overs. Accounting gets to be critical. White collar