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SOC231H5 Study Guide - Comprehensive Midterm Guide: Feudalism


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC231H5
Professor
Zaheer Baber
Study Guide
Midterm

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UTM
SOC231H5
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Key$Concepts/Ideas
The$Enlightenment$
The$social$contract
Class,$gender:$"society"$not$an$organic$unity$(no$control)
Positivism$
Dialectics/$dialectical$ perspective
"Idealism"$and$"materialism"
Alienation$
Sociology: "intellectual$response$to$a$crisis"$
1718th$century$Europe$and$the$world,$series$of$ongoing$"crises"$
"The$world$turned$upside$down"$quote$from$random$
1600's:The$scientific$revolution$ie.$Newton's$law$begin$to$come$together,$
happens$in$an$accelerated$time
Society$changed$from$a$feudal$agricultural$system$to$a$new$industrial$
society,$gender$roles
1750's:$Industrial$revolution/capitalism
Women$became$property$owners$for$the$first$time,$changed$gender$roles
Brought$the$institution$of$slavery
1776:The$American$Revolution$driven$by$religious$concerns,$and$transforms$
Europe
There$is$an$emphasis$of$political$ representation$instead$of$a$feudal$society
1789:French$Revolution$
Tried$to$destroy$colonialFrench$structure$
Places$such$as$India$and$Egypt$were$colonized$and$used$for$their$cotton
The$cotton$is$transferred$into$Europe$where$it's$spun$$using$new$
technology
This$needed$workers$to$run$the$factories,$so$laws$were$enacted$to$push$
people$to$stop$farming$and$start$working$in$the$factories$(ie.$Vagrancy$
laws)
17911804:Colonialism:$the$Antislave$revolution$in$Haiti
Lecture'1'Ch.'13:'Introduction
Tuesday,$ September$ 6,$2016
1:06$PM
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laws)
Haiti$was$a$French$slave$colony$and$during$the$French$revolution,$some$of$
them$revolt$fraternity,$liberty$and$equality$because$they$should$be$
considered$equal$since$they're$French$as$well
(a)$The$discovery$of$"society"$distinct$from$"nature"$
(b)$The$individualsociety$relationship$
Before$norms$of$a$family$were$clear,$but$then$people$realized$that$
these$norms$are$merely$socially$created
Natural$change$is$predictable,$but$people$have$noticed$social$
change$is$different$and$unpredictable.$Makes$people$think$that$
natural$and$social$is$different
(c)$The$discovery$of$"social$change"$vs.$"natural"
Slaves$now$have$equal$opportunity$and$are$able$to$possess$their$
own$rights$but$are$still$under$some$leader
(d)$Subjects$>>>$citizens
What$do$we$have$for$the$first$time?$
Social$institutions$are$neither$"natural"$nor$divine,$but$humanly$created$entities:$
can$be$transformed$through$social$action
18th$century$intellectual$and$social$movement
The$Enlightenment ("illuminate") To$"shed$light"$of$"reason"$on$"society"$
Social$change$=$revolutions$because$of$political$revolution$are$gaining$power$to$
transform$into$citizens
Newtonian$scientific$method$to$understand$society:$application$of$REASON$
Every$aspect$is$analyzed$using$reason
Every$sphere$of$society,$including$religious$was$subjected$to$rational$scientific$
scrutiny
Existing$social$conditions$and$institutions$not$unchangeable$facts$of$nature
Enlightenment$pointing$out$its$not$unscientific$to$point$out$what$OUGHT$
to$be
We$as$humans$never$accept$anything$as$is$
Before$the$enlightenment,$things$are$the$way$they$are,$and$people$are$just$
to$follow$things$and$don’t$think$what$OUGHT$to$be
The$"is"$and$the$"ought"$connection$we$never$know$what$could$be,$both$of$
these$are$constantly$connected
Jean$Jacques$Rousseau$
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