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SOC231H5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: The Communist Manifesto, Primitive Communism, False Consciousness


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC231H5
Professor
Zaheer Baber
Study Guide
Midterm

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MARX AND THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO
1) The Law of Increasing Misery
What is it?
The workers’ wages will decrease
the number of miserable people will increase in capitalist society
More proletariat (working class) is subjected to exploitation, increasing their
number and lowering the standard of living (worst standard of living).
Expansion of Global Capitalism = Everyone is subjected to exploitation
2) What are the stages of History in Marxism?
Primitive Communism ( Marx’ state of nature) (1)
Ancient Slavery (2)
Feudalism (3)
Capitalism (4)
Revolution= Communism (5)- You are only subjected to class expoitation, and
forces of nature= TOTAL FREEDOM= Profits through scientific advancements,
without exploitation.
Characteristics of history? What goes on in each one?
oCommon in 2,3,4= there’s CLASSES AND EXPLOITATION EXIST.
Politics exist. Working class is alienated.
oCommon in 1, 5= no classes/ classless paradise, no state in these
classes
Politics exist in stages 2, 3,4 exists to justify the exploitation between classes.
3) How does history moves forward? (from one stage to the next)
Through revolution. However, there is no real liberation : it is only a change/
movement within the stage of history
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