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MARX AND THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO Midterm Guide

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC231H5
Professor
Zaheer Baber
Semester
Fall

Description
MARX AND THE COMMUNIST MANIFESTO 1) The Law of Increasing Misery • What is it? • The workers’ wages will decrease • the number of miserable people will increase in capitalist society • More proletariat (working class) is subjected to exploitation, increasing their number and lowering the standard of living (worst standard of living). • Expansion of Global Capitalism = Everyone is subjected to exploitation 2) What are the stages of History in Marxism? • Primitive Communism ( Marx’ state of nature) (1) • Ancient Slavery (2) • Feudalism (3) • Capitalism (4) • Revolution= Communism (5)- You are only subjected to class expoitation, and forces of nature= TOTAL FREEDOM= Profits through scientific advancements, without exploitation. • Characteristics of history? What goes on in each one? o Common in 2,3,4= there’s CLASSES AND EXPLOITATION EXIST. Politics exist. Working class is alienated. o Common in 1, 5= no classes/ classless paradise, no state in these classes • Politics exist in stages 2, 3,4 exists to justify the exploitation between classes. 3) How does history moves forward? (from one stage to the next) • Through revolution. However, there is no real liberation : it is only a change/ movement within the stage of history • Through technological advancements hold by better “rulers” • There is no cycle. Once you reach stage 5, you stay there (it’s your final goal) 4) False Consciousness? What is it? Why is it important? • Rationalizations that hides the truth of economic system. • You don’t understand which class you think you belong because of false consciousness (through private property, work sanctions) • It legitimized e
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