[SOC244H5] - Final Exam Guide - Everything you need to know! (33 pages long)

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SOC244H5
FINAL EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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SOC44 Midterm November 6
Professor: Weiguo Zheng
** Although the midterm should cover chapters 7, 8, 10-11 the slides after the
midterm cover chapter 7, 8 and 9
Chapter 7: Family life course
Duvall, E.M. (1957). Family Development
- Stage 1: Married couples (without children)
- Stage 2: Childbearing families (oldest child, birth-30 months)
- Stage 3: Families with pre-school children (oldest child, 2.5-6 years)
- Stage 4: Families with schoolchildren (oldest child, 6-13 years)
- Stage 5: Families with teenagers (oldest child, 13-20 years)
- Stage 6: Families as launching centers (first child gone to last child leaving
home)
- Stage 7: Middle-age parents empty nest to retirement
- Stage 8: Aging family members (retirement of death of both spouses)
Three basic assumptions of family developmental theory
1. Family behaviour is the sum of the previous experiences of family members
as incorporated in the present and in their expectations for the future.
2. Families develop and change over time in similar and consistent ways.
3. Families and their members perform certain time-specific tasks are set by
them and by the cultural and societal context
Five basic themes of the life course perspective:
1. The importance of multiple temporal contexts;
2. Social-structural context;
3. Diachronic process and change;
4. Heterogeneity and
5. Multidisciplinary assessment
- A life course perspective emphasizes the importance of time, context, process
and meaning of human development and family life
Time influences relationships in 3 ways
- Life experiences influence relationships
- Family events and family transitions influence individuals and interactions
- Historical time events in the broader social context influence roles and
values
Childhood and parenting
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Childhood
- The term, childhood is generally recognised as a socially constructed
phenomenon. Chronologically, childhood has been variously described as:
the period from birth to 6 or 7, when the child can articulate clearly; birth to
when the child can reproduce; birth to when the child can work; and birth to
when the child can live independently of the parents
- According to the United Nations Convention of the Rights of the Child (1989),
childhood spans birth to the age of 18
Images of Childhood
- Children as natural innocents
- Children as monsters
- Children as miniature adults
- Children as economic assets
Childhood and Parenthood: The Varieties of Experiences
- Premature Births and Low Birth Rates
- Childhood Poverty
- Young Parents: Teen Pregnancies
o Difficulties for the Parent
o Difficulties for the Child
- Single Parents: Unmarried & Divorced
o Unmarried Parents
o Divorced mothers
o Divorced fathers
- Older parents
o Trends in Delayed Childbearing
- Minority Parents
- Non-traditional Parents: Single Fathers, Relatives, & Gays & Lesbians
o Single Fathers
o Grandparents & Other Relatives
o Gays & Lesbians
- Working Parents
o Career-Parenting Conflict
o Family-Oriented Workplace Policies
o Child-Care Services
o Making time for Children
Social complexities of raising children
- Beating your children
- 5 gay parenting myths
Parenting styles
- Authoritative - Parents who are both demanding and responsive. They
impart clear standards for their children’s conduct. They are assertive, but
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Document Summary

** although the midterm should cover chapters 7, 8, 10-11 the slides after the midterm cover chapter 7, 8 and 9. Stage 2: childbearing families (oldest child, birth-30 months) Stage 3: families with pre-school children (oldest child, 2. 5-6 years) Stage 4: families with schoolchildren (oldest child, 6-13 years) Stage 5: families with teenagers (oldest child, 13-20 years) Stage 6: families as launching centers (first child gone to last child leaving home) Stage 7: middle-age parents (cid:523)(cid:498)empty nest(cid:499) to retirement(cid:524) Five basic themes of the life course perspective: the importance of multiple temporal contexts, social-structural context, diachronic process and change, heterogeneity and, multidisciplinary assessment. A life course perspective emphasizes the importance of time, context, process and meaning of human development and family life. Family events and family transitions influence individuals and interactions. Historical time events in the broader social context influence roles and values. The term, (cid:498)childhood(cid:499) is generally recognised as a socially constructed phenomenon.

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