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Midterm 2 review.pdf

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Weiguo Zhang

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Midterm 2 review SOC244, Sociology of Families – Chapters 7, 8, 10, 11 Chapter 7 – The middle years and the not-so-empty nest  Current midlife generation consists of mostly baby boomers (age 41-60) o 1/3 Canadian population, median age of pop = 39  Midlife group is diverse, post-child family marks splitting of one family 2 or more as children form their own nuclear families o Family adaptation in middle years contains a series of stressors  E.g. parenthood, death, job change etc.  Individuals at midlife often examine whether their lives have been fulfilling o 40-45 period of major transition in life of middle aged men o Key issue middle age (35-65)=Generativity/ passing something  next gen.  Long-age lifespan divided into two periods o 1. Midlife evaluation + transition (early 40s late 50s) o 2. Liberation, experimentation, innovation (late 50s to early 70s)  Most adults in mid-life crisis looking for meaning in life, personal discovery  Assessing oneself o 1. Generativity  Career + public life seen as most important form of Generativity  Empty nest brings couple increased happiness and marital satisfaction o 2. Identity  Search for personal meaning, very important for women now too o 3. Development of sense of confidence + competence  Women likely to have sense of power in jobs  Mean able to relax from demands performed at high level o 4. Growing sense of mortality  Deaths of parents + ppl their age, reminder they won’t live forever  Physical aging, deteriorating health  Assessing one’s career o Needs goals to give direction  New goals once old ones are achieved  Changing plans to attain existing goals  Looking at close relationships o Greater life expectancy makes relationships more complex o Boomers say relationships w/fam + friends most satisfying parts of life o Generation rich families referred to as “beanpole” families  Marriage and sexuality o Couples who modify their relationship usually experience increased marital satisfaction o Those with secure attachment to their partners have more stable relationships than those with anxious attachment o Quality of same-sex couples in mid-life has found that the quality of their relationships similar to that of heterosexual couples o Marital conflict over raising adolescent children associated with decreases in marital satisfaction o Marriage relationship becomes more central once children leave home o Sexual relationships among couples may change  Main criteria for adulthood, accepting responsibility for oneself, making independent decisions, becoming financially self-supporting  Adolescents have better outcomes when they come from families with emotionally close and involved parents  Four possible types of identity: o Identity achievement  Both exploration + commitment leading to a preliminary life course  Authoritative parents o Identity moratorium  Exploration + no commitment (permissive parents) o Identity Foreclosure  Making a commitment without looking at alternatives (authoritarian parents) o Identity diffusion  No exploration + no commitment (neglectful parents)  The social time clock o Minimum ages at which one should begin school, drive, drink alcohol,vote o Ppl taking longer to move out on their own Key terms Boomerang kids children who return to their parents’ home after moving out Empty nest syndrome the depression and sense of uselessness some women experience when the last child leaves home Generativity a focus on one’s legacy Midlife crisis extreme strain as a person re-evaluates his or her life in middle age Revolving door children’s repeated moving in and out of their parents’ home Sandwich generation middle-aged adults who experience the stress of continuing dependency of their children and increasing disability of their pare
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