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Lina Samuel

Lecture 2 - soc244 - - sept 13 2011 - find something more focused for assignment - eg. rise of multi generational households, impact of divorce - peer reviewed journals! no newspaper last two pages - reflect on what you've learned on the articles - does it drive with your own experiences ? Does it relate to your experiences ? Be reflective, common themes, and give some questions that were not fully answered. - Title page, name, id number, date of submission. If they're long articles, photocopy first five- six pages. Lecture 1 Review: Structural functionalists: mother is emotional and expressive and father is breadwinner. Symbolic interactions - is individual experiences within the family and how individuals experience impact how they interact with each other - individual interpretation. used to understand the dimensions of marriages etc. Lecture 2: The Enlightenment The enlightenment is characterized by a period of reason, knowledge , science - self actualization- fulfilling yourself all that you can be in the course of your life - women took an active part in the course of enlightenment. Central theme in enlightenment- human progress- to promote equality - for others oppressed peoples and for themselves. Civilization wanted had this struggle to overcome tradition which kept people in particular roles - so this was time to challenge traditional ways of living. Liberal feminist theory for eg emerges. A major shift in the way people thought about themselves and stuff around them. A new field of knowledge, physics biology geography and challenged how people understood the world. eg Charles Darwin. Important to think about this type of thinking on families and women too. - it is also an age of colonialism - beginning of industrial capitalism .- rethinking individual rights, freedoms, greater equality, they were crushing other indigenous populations - eg slavery. A great interest in preserving rights and freedoms, this did not translate into greater freedom and liberty for people. Important to know, these contradictions emerged from the enlightenment. Feminist Theories : The Marxist Conflict: observed a certain passing of life - a particular way of life was being lost. Peaseants and villagers moved to crowded cities to work in factories, (the industrial revolution) exploitation, human misery, - lay between the proletariat and the bourgeoisie 0 owns the means of production. social change was based on the overthrow of the capitalist class. the wealth of the bourgeoisie - gave work for the proletariats. ***1846 - Marx furthers his analysis on exploitation by featuring the family as the original site for the unequal distribution of labor. Wives and children constitute the first property of men. Despite the family observation, gender is not a basis of his focus . - he offers a critic of capitalism - so with the growth of industrial economies - increasingly relied of families. - rather then consuming what they produced, it is easier for families to purchase and buy things from the market - so there is increasingly dependency on the market. - there was somehow a naturalness to the family - and to the family structure. in the origins of the family - Engels argues - economic unit shaped by material change. Marx - this is a two fold character - on one side - the production for the need to assistance, on the other side - is the production of human beings - the labour force. two reproductions are important - reproducing a social labor force and the labor force. *accumulation of private property the begins of production for exchange rather then consumption . - main thesis of Marx - Private property - grew more important and grew more important to have male offspring's. - so everything can be passed down - eg property rights - according to Engels it is at this point that there was a change on the roles of descents. "The defeat of the female sex" < Engels. First form of family according to Engels and Marx : whether a nuclear family - is based on economic conditions - private property over common ownership of things. -In industrial society - this individual is the male wage earner. Duffe textbook - Capitalism encourages women approaches by making them more dependent on the wage earner -the male . There is social, cultural , biological work that makes women become domestic servants of men. This is the result of private property. Even in economies that are more socialist - the family is seen as a unit -capitalism is an essential component to feminine analysis. Feminine perspective - early feminist questioned it about their responsibilities and their contributions to families. Mary Wollstonecraft - key piece of writing - advocated the rights of women political rights, indication, rights to vote but did not challenge women's responsibilities int he family - so these equality rights were about how to make women better mothers, better daughters and how they were suppose to become better in the family and not challenge their role within the family. Early writers advocating for equality for women - th importance of educating. them. Early Marxist - they did not challenge women's natural responsibilities within the family. 1963-" the feminist view" by Friedman - first to urged women to get out of their suburban households and prove themselves as individuals. urging women to get out and fulfill themselves on a level that was separate from the households - urges the problem of identity that was routed in the Victorian culture that idealized women's place in the family. Liberal feminists - encouraging reproductive resources, maternity leave &pay - 2nd way feminist movement. Liberalism : Liberal feminists - liberal philosophy - believed that all humans are inherently rational. - so they should be considered equal. 1)They believed in **meritocracy - where people should be able to gain their own status through their own work. in equal opportunity - that everyone should have equal opportunity and should have freedom for choice. The critic of feminists theories - it doesn't allow you to dismiss anyone because all of them share some truth on reality - many feminists -acknowledge different types of families. For Marxist feminists : they become more evident when you look at these topics - roots of capitalism - the division of labour entrenched in capitalism. 1. domestic labour does 2 things: regeneration of labor power and 2. important ideological roles : its the housewife that socializes the children to take an appropriate role in the household. domestic labor - is seen as a labor of love, not as actual work. it goes beyond capitalism that we have to look beyond patriarchy - its an analytical theory - power to the patriarchy - to the male. _ a system of distributing power that gives power to all things masculine. Socialist feminism- cannot be put into those simple classes s- the bourgeoisie and proletariat because it reduces the complexity of the relationship between men and women. they also have alienation from our own bodies an for our own work - they are looking how capitalism interconnects with patriarchy to oppress women and suppress her from her own position . it snot about patriarchy and capitalism. All these very significant states policies - that wer
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