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SOC263: Social Inequalities- all lecture notes

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Lina Samuel

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Lecture Schedule May-June 2012 Tuesday May 8 Lecture 1 Introduction to Course , Classical approaches to the study of inequal- ity Chapter 1 The Great Debate: Historical Debate, the Sociological Debate Pages 1-25 PDF on BB Canadian Centre for PolicyAlternatives, Why Inequality Matters in 1,000 Words or less. VariousAuthors. Dec. 2007 Thursday May 10 Lecture 2 Chapter 2 The Global Divide: InequalityAcross Societies Pages 27-52 PDF on BBYalnizyan,Armine. 2012. The Rise of Canadas Richest 1% Canadian Centre for PolicyAlternatives. PDF on BB Mackenzie, Hugh, 2011. Recession Proof: Canadas 100 Best Paid CEOs. Canadian Centre for PolicyAlternatives. Tuesday May 15 Lecture 3 Chapter 3 The Gordian Knot of Race, Class, and Gender Pages 57-80 Further Reading (if inclined): Crenshaw, Kimberle Williams. 1994. Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Pol- itics, and Violence against Women of Color. The Public Nature of Private Vio- lence. Pp. 93-118 in Ed. M.S. Fineman and R. Mykitiuk. New York: Routledge. Thursday May 17 Term 1 Test (Full Class Period) Tuesday May 22, Lecture 4 Documentary : Capitalism a Love Story by Michael Moore (2009) Thursday May 24 Lecture 5 Chapter 4 Class Privilege and Chapter 5 Race Privilege Pages 81-136 Further Reading (if you are inclined): Galabuzi, Grace-Edward. 2006. Canadas Economic Apartheid: The Social Ex- clusion of Racialized Groups in the New Century. Toronto: Canadian Scholars Press. Grant, H. and R. Oertel. 1998. Diminishing Returns to Immigration? Interpreting the Eco- nomic Experience of Canadian Immigrants. Canadian Ethnic Studies 30 (3): 57-76. Tuesday May 29 Lecture 6 Chapter 6 Gender and Class Pages 139-156 Further Reading (if you are inclined) Siltanen, Janet. 2009. Inequalities of Gender and Class: Charting the Sea Of Change. Pp. 197-212 in Edward Grabb and Neil Guppy, (Eds.), Social Inequality in Canada: Patterns, Problems, and Policies 5 ed. Toronto, Prentice Hall-Pearson. Marshall, Katherine. 2009. Converging Gender Roles. Pp. 213-223 in in Edward Grabb and Neil Guppy, (Eds.), Social Inequality in Canada: Patterns, Problems, and Policies 5 ed. Toronto, Prentice Hall-Pearson. Thursday May 31 Term Test 2 (Full Class Period) Tuesday June 5 Lecture 7 (Writing Assignment due 20%) Chapter 7 Status Prestige and Chapter 8 Power and Politics pages 159-207 Thursday June 7 Lecture 8 Chapter 9 Education and Mobility pages 211-237 Chapter 10Abandoned Spaces, Forgotten Places: Poverty and Place Pages 239-262 Tuesday June 12 Lecture 9 Documentary Film El Contrato by Min Sook Lee (2003) (50minues) + 1 hour Lecture Chapter 11 Reversing the Race to the Bottom: Poverty and Policy Pages 265-292 Thursday June 14 Lecture 10 Chapter 12 Challenging the System: The Globalization of Race, Class and Gender 295-320 Goodluck on your Final Examination and have a safe and restful summer! SOC263 Tuesday, May 8, 2012 Classical Approaches to Study of Inequality -Charles M. Beach (Economics Professor at Queens University) 2007 -the poorest 20% saw their income decline, share of total income all from 4.3 to 4.2% -the middle quintile declined from 17.9 to 15.6 -the second top quintile share went down from 25.2 to 23.9 -the income for richest fifth went rose from 41.3 to 46.9% -provides the basis for the distributive -very small band of high income recipients -income and inequality also associated with poor diet, housing, sanitation -these inequalities create resentment -Frank Cunningham (professor of Philosophy and Political Science at UoFT) 2007 -people see themselves as being on the same boat, struggling for the same reason, being on the same boat or having a common vision is how we solve problems, gross income inequality compromises canadian public life, because the rich can leave the boat, the children of wealthy can go to private schools, gated community, can opt out of things like garbage services if in a gated com- munity, can leave urban decay -Gross income inequality impacts public life: -the rich can leave the boat -public resources are diminished -cult of individualism -inequality fosters elitism and resentment -the rich see their own positions and achievements create their own superiority, ignores large inequalities and puts certain groups at the top and some at the bottom, fosters a sense of entitlement, that sense of entitlement gets passed on to the children, not looking for public good, but good of the few -canadians become beggars -inequality is the end of democracy -democracy shifts to autocracy when equality rises, money determines who gets into power, we no longer have the motivation to vote, people are taking themselves away from politics, must be more vocal to what we see, signal the decline of the democratic nation we belong to -priorities of the wealthy get the attention -in 2006 255, 000 workers came in to the country to work, has declined since then, reflects the wages and work conditions in this country -country has been ambiguous to inequality -Poverty is the worst form of violence Gandhi -are people motivated for things such as love or is it money -Ancient thinkers are inequality -Hammurai (King of ancient Babylon around 1750 BC) -set down a code of laws which detailed the rights and duties of all his subjects -his laws differed for a Man and a common man (no reference to women) -on pg thirteen, table 1, outlines ancient thinkers * -he didnt consider everyone to be equal -Hindu Laws of Manu -development of the caste system -caste system stratified society fixed social positions -divides all the whole of Indian society on the notion of pollution and purity -different castes emerged from the higher deities, head was the highest, feet were the lowest -Conservative thinkers VS RAdical Thinkers -numerous radical thinkers, Nathan in 1000 BC, challenged king david -those who wanted to keep the order of society vs those who wanted to chal- lenge this order -Chinese philosopher Laozi seen as radical -Kung Fuzi (Confucious) seen as more conservative -Plato (regarded as a radical) -response to inequality, children of poor families are at a disadvantage -Aristotle (seen as conservative) -keeping the status quo -Marx and Class Conflict
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