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SOC275H5 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Quid Pro Quo, Hidden Curriculum, Moral Panic


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC275H5
Professor
Hae Yeon Choo
Study Guide
Midterm

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Chapter 7 Definitions
- Chilly climate: The phenomenon whereby one is “frozen out” in a particular
environment. One may be tolerated, but feels excluded and is not welcomes as members
of other groups apparently are.
- Educational premium: The monetary return on receives by pursuing further education.
This can be calculated statistically based on average earning for people with varying
degrees of education.
- Gender intensification: This term refers to two linked phenomena of adolescence: (a)
increased pressure to conform to gendered expectations; and (b) an increased rigidity
regarding gender norms.
- Hidden curriculum: The lessons and rules learned in schools that are not part of what is
formally transmitted by teachers and the official curriculum. Learned through interactions
between teachers and peers.
- Hostile environment: Originally an American legal category that describes a workplace
where workers are subjected to sexual harassment and thus fear the workplace. The
concept is easily transferred to schools.
- Imperial manhood: A concept that linked manliness to one’s duty to the British Empire
and to the success and superiority of British culture; the idea had strong effects on
education in the nineteenth century.
- LGBTQ: Lesbian, Gay, Bi, Trans, Queer, questioning. This is, today, the most commonly
used term to encompass all non-heterosexuals.
- Moral panic: A popular idea about societal decline; often, moral panics link a real or
imagined social problem (e.g. crime) to a particular group of people (e.g. single
mothers/fatherlessness)
- Self-esteem: A person’s sense of his or her worth. It can be measured either by particular
indicators, which assess how well one feels about particular aspects of oneself (e.g. “I
like my body”) or ‘globally’, in overall terms.
- Sexual harassment: A broad concept that encompasses many behaviours: unwelcome
sexual attention, the offering of benefits for sexual favours, coercion into sexual activity,
or bullying and harassment on the ground of one's gender. The standard definition in
Canada is 'unwelcome conduct of a sexual nature that detrimentally affects the work
environment or leads to adverse job-related consequences for the victim of the
harassment'. In the USA, two subtypes are distinguished, quid pro quo and hostile
environment.
- Tenure: In universities, a form of permanent labour contract that prohibits termination
without just cause and ensures the academic freedom of a professor.
- Title IX: A US law, enacted in 1972, that states, “No person in the United States shall, on
the basis of sex, be excluded from participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be
subjected to discrimination under any education program or activity receiving federal
financial assistance”
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