SOC316H5- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 34 pages long!)

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Published on 29 Mar 2018
School
Department
Course
UTM
SOC316H5
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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Crime prevention: definition
CRIME PREVENTION IS: “The anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime
risk and the initial of action to remove or reduce it” (National Crime Prevention
Institute, 1978)
Central tenet of crime prevention (CP)
Public safety can’t remain the exclusive domain of the CJS
The criminal justice system emerged as a way to deal with crime, the idea was that it
would be there to help deal with the problem of crime
Cops, courts, corrections can’t cope with crime anymore
o Don’t address opportunities or root causes, those people who go after
opportunities even though they will get in trouble, they are not helping
particular root causes in neighbourhoods, etc.
Proactive participation, leads to the idea of responsibiliation, you are all responsible
for safety because the CJS can not do it themselves
Promotes partnerships
Course themes
Balancing of rights (privacy/security), can you have privacy and security?
Who/what is identified as the problem, who does it imagine as the problem? What
problem is being identified? How is that problem being policed?
Community, the community is one area that gets activated, how is community
imagined?
Experts, how do we solve the problem of crime? How do we rule when we use
experts? The use of expertise and expert knowledge
Risk and governance, how are we governed? How are we regulated? How are the
spaces we are in managed?
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Themes:
Foucault: Questions of Method
Power
o Sovereignty
o Disciplinary
o Pastoral
o Governmentality
Penal welfarism
Decline of penal welfarism
Crime control
Foucault and questions of method
The ‘how’ questions, why did this person commit a crime? What are the pressures,
the strains?
o How is it that the prison came to be a central form of punishment?
o Usually its embedded, its something we take for granted
Problematization
o How do things become problems
o How did a criminal become a problem to be solved through the prison?
Decentering the subject
o Conditions of possibility
o The media is not the center that changes our opinions of things, its part of the
story, but its tapoing into something
History of the present
o How is it that we round up where we are?
o Looking at little shifts that are happening
o What is changing in this power dynamic? How is it changing?
History of the present
Little shifts in the ways of thinking
o History of systems of thought, the idea that crime prevention is a system of
thought
o New crime control is a new way of thinking about the crime, subjects, a way
of governing people
Small and contingent struggles, tensions
o No clear end point of what is going to happen
Learn more from everyday texts and practices
o Look at the syllabus, and see how its changed over time
What usually captivates Grand Thinkers
HoP and DeC-Subject history of systems of thought
o How did it change over time?
o For example, how did punishments of plagiarisms change over time?
Modalities of power
Power is productive to Foucault
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