WGS200Y5 Study Guide - Final Guide: Domestic Relations, Bell Hooks, Ethnic Cleansing

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13 Feb 2011
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LECTURES 5-7
Week 5: October 7. Intersections of Oppression: Sexuality, Place, Race and Class
Text:The Social Construction of Race”, Ian F. Haney Lopez, pp 52-57
Text:Race Culture”, Frank Dikotter, pp 66-69
Text:Feminism and the Question of Class”, Alexandra Kollantai, pp 198-199
Text: “Mapping the Margins, Kimberle Crenshaw, pp 200-206
Text:Feminism and Difference”, Marnia Lazreg, pp 321-323
Video: Listening for something: Adrienne Rich and Dionne Brand in conversation
CYBER FEMINISM
Uses internet to empower women
oZapatista effect
Questions idea of progress and development
Critiques top-down technology transfer from the North to the South
Can transform social, cultural and political structures and equal access, participation and
control
**the internet is a neutral technology- what isnt neutral is how and by whom the internet is
used
Feminist analysis/ process consider:
CONTEXT
oDescribes the particular historical moment , place and time in which the author is
writing
POWER
oControl, influence, strength, what is the dominant power relationship discussed
AGENCY
oAbility to exert action, what is being proposed?
Iclicker Questions:
Essentialism- reduces people and cultures into an essential trait. Says this group of people is
like that. Opposite of social construction
Essentialism:
Biologically based traits
Innate
Fixed, unchanging
Universal in time, space and history
In terms of this class, you would say that women are always like that (but its untrue)
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Reduces people and concepts to an essential trait
Essentializes them and reduces them to certain factors
Intersections
Race
Class
Gender
*fluid, variable and non-fixed
South Africa
oRacialized form of government who decided who people could see and what jobs they
can do
Identities can be changed
Identity:
Race
Class
Age
Ability
Citizenship
Ethnicity
Sexuality
Other
Today, intersections of RACE, CLASS, GENDER
These are fluid and depends on specific historic context
Intersectionality, pg 204
The recognition of the many strands that make up identity (e.g. how race and gender are
intertwined in the identities
Lopez: Racial Fabrication
1) Humans produce races
2) Races are an integral component of identity
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3) “meaning systems change rapidly
4) Races constructed in opposition not in isolation
Created identity components
When racial identities were fabricated, they would weave into one another
Lopez example:
Mexicans as "race" not "nationality"
Not seen as a nationality, but came to be seen as a race
Context
Mexicans no longer live in Mexico after the civil war- they lived in the USA
Power
The USA were the dominant power
Agency
The Mexicans who stayed took on another identity
Tihana "people"
WEB Du Bois 1868-1963 (Ghana)
Racialization
Anti communist
Lived long enough to go to Africa and die in free Ghana
Racialization:
To impose a racial interpretation on
Place in a racial context
To categorize or differentiate on basis of race
Eugenics: Dikotter on Race Culture
promoted a biologizing vision of society in which the reproductive rights of individuals
were subordinated to the rights of society
State systems set up to dictate who could reproduce and who could not
Scientific notion of the time to see that certain traits and factors were genetically
reproduced, and to protect society from those who were inferior of being able to
reproduce.
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