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University of Toronto Mississauga
Women and Gender Studies
Joan Simalchik

LECTURES 5-7 Week 5: October 7. Intersections of Oppression: Sexuality, Place, Race and Class Text: The Social Construction of Race, Ian F. Haney Lopez, pp 52-57 Text: Race Culture, Frank Dikotter, pp 66-69 Text: Feminism and the Question of Class, Alexandra Kollantai, pp 198-199 Text: Mapping the Margins, Kimberle Crenshaw, pp 200-206 Text: Feminism and Difference, Marnia Lazreg, pp 321-323 Video: Listening for something: Adrienne Rich and Dionne Brand in conversation CYBER FEMINISM Uses internet to empower women o Zapatista effect Questions idea of progress and development Critiques top-down technology transfer from the North to the South Can transform social, cultural and political structures and equal access, participation and control **the internet is a neutral technology- what isnt neutral is how and by whom the internet is used Feminist analysis/ process consider: CONTEXT o Describes the particular historical moment , place and time in which the author is writing POWER o Control, influence, strength, what is the dominant power relationship discussed AGENCY o Ability to exert action, what is being proposed? Iclicker Questions: Essentialism- reduces people and cultures into an essential trait. Says this group of people is like that. Opposite of social construction Essentialism: Biologically based traits Innate Fixed, unchanging Universal in time, space and history In terms of this class, you would say that women are always like that (but its untrue) Reduces people and concepts to an essential trait Essentializes them and reduces them to certain factors Intersections Race Class Gender *fluid, variable and non-fixed South Africa o Racialized form of government who decided who people could seeand what jobs they can do Identities can be changed Identity: Race Class Age Ability Citizenship Ethnicity Sexuality Other Today, intersections of RACE, CLASS, GENDER These are fluid and depends on specific historic context Intersectionality, pg 204 The recognition of the many strands that make up identity (e.g. how race and gender are intertwined in the identities Lopez: Racial Fabrication 1) Humans produce races 2) Races are an integral component of identity 3) meaning systems change rapidly 4) Races constructed in opposition not in isolation Created identity components When racial identities were fabricated, they would weave into one another Lopez example: Mexicans as "race" not "nationality" Not seen as a nationality, but came to be seen as a race Context Mexicans no longer live in Mexico after the civil war- they lived in the USA Power The USA were the dominant power Agency The Mexicans who stayed took on another identity Tihana "people" WEB Du Bois 1868-1963 (Ghana) Racialization Anti communist Lived long enough to go to Africa and die in free Ghana Racialization: To impose a racial interpretation on Place in a racial context To categorize or differentiate on basis of race Eugenics: Dikotter on Race Culture promoted a biologizing vision of society in which the reproductive rights of individuals were subordinated to the rights of society State systems set up to dictate who could reproduce and who could not Scientific notion of the time to see that certain traits and factors were genetically reproduced, and to protect society from those who were inferior of being able to reproduce. Nazi extermination camps: genocide "race culture" **Alberta sterilization act 1928-1972- hundreds of women were sterilized To seethat certain traits and factors were genetically reproduced Those inferior were prevented from reproducing Who was affected: Perverts Lesbian Unemployed Native people Ukrainian Mtis people Main proponents- Emily Murphy Dysgenic (pg 67) relating to, or contributing to a degeneration or deterioration in the fitness and quality of a race or strain Mathieu Da Costa Known as the first racialized person to come to Canada (1603) Free person Took many journeys serving as an interpreter European white settlement of the indigenous institution Canadian Immigration Racialized ethnicity Race restrictions (colour bar) removed in 1962 3 groups: Orientals, southern people, and European people Ellen Fairclough 1905-2004 First cabinet minister Class Issues: Poverty
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