Camp Sisters : Women and the Holocaust
By Joyce Parkey
o Chance and luck was stated as the primary and only reason camp
survivors made it past the concentration camps.
o The Nazis aimed at isolating the Jews, segregating them from loved
ones , which is known as “Final Solution”.
o -Although what the Nazis failed to realize that human being are social
creatures that create substitute relationships and redefine existing
ones to fill the void left by separation and death , which is also known
as “Surrogate Families”.
o Relationship within the camp experienced by women was called
“Camp sisters or mother”
o Camp prisoner at their arrival were segregated based upon
Sex and initial selection
Those who went to live went onto the left
Those marked with death went onto the right
o Inmates were denied potable water for drinking, shared overcrowded
barracks and were left with no personal space, A bucket was used a
toilet upon many members to share.
o They were given sleepless nights, hard labor, and roll calls; such task
was meant to humiliate, dehumanize and shock prisoners into
submission and lead them willing to death.
o “Cooperation for survival was amongst members of the same species
which is considered the basic law of life”
www.notesolution.com o Forming cooperative association was considered adaptive behavior
under traumatic circumstances which aided the quality of life for
Humans have a strong need for affiliation which Goldberg
refers to a” need for connectedness”
In loss of close family people formed new ones to mend the
gap and distance that kept them apart from their loved ones.
Camp families came together by misfortune and suffering
Most camp sisters lived in morbid attachment
o Elder women upon the group took it upon herself to look after and
protect rte young ones
o European school of thought ; you listen to the “oldest one”
o One “sister” usually took charge of the group, they cre