Exam Review of Concepts

12 Pages

Women and Gender Studies
Course Code
Josee Johnston

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Concepts for Review 1Census FamilyMarried couplechildren if anyCommon law couplechildren if anyLone parentat least one childGrandchildrengrandparents no parentsAll family members living in one dwellingCouple may be opposite or same sexChildren by birth marriage or adoption Children not living with their spouses andor children2Economic FamilyA group of two or more persons who live in the same dwellingare related by blood marriage common law or adoptionSame or opposite sex couplesFoster children includedAll persons who are members of a census family are also members of an economic familyBroader concept than census family3Nuclear FamilyMany conceptions of family emphasize or assume a nuclear family arrangementThis family form is often seen as natural normal and universalIn reality it is a recent phenomenon an not nearly as widespread as thoughtMany debate the benefits of this family formAccording to FoxLuxton nuclear family is often what we think of as family Normalizeduniversalized historicallyculturally specific Nuclear familymarriage children heterosexual blood relationshipsEmphasizes biological blood relationshipsEmphasizes heterosexual family form and traditional marriageRegarded by some Malinowski Parsons Popenoe as the best family form particularly for raising children and benefitting societySome Popenoe most recently are concerned about what they perceive as the decline or demise of the nuclear familyMalinowski Popenoeother defenders of the nuclear family suggestIt is a natural form of family organizationIt is the best form of family organizationThe gendered divisions within this structure are not oppressiveRecent changes to family form indicate the decline of the nuclear familyThe decline of the nuclear family indicates the decline of societySome claim that changes to the family form have been linked toViolenceTeen suicideDropout ratesSubstance abuseUnwed or teen mothersSexual activity outside of marriage4Gendered division of labourAscribes certain tasks to individuals on the basis of perceived abilities based on genderOften follows wellworn gendered stereotypesFrequently unequal with less valued tasks ascribed to less valued members of a social group ie women people of colourOften intersects with other oppressions class racialization ability sexuality etc5Neoliberalism6Social ReproductionDaily and generational reproduction of the labouring populationWomen seen as reproducers of family culture tradition and nationThis can be a powerful role for women but it can also be a source of oppressioncontrolOften associated with an unequal gendered division of labour7Patriarchal Productive RelationsAccording to Cohen it is the organization of labour in which males have power over the productive activities of their children wives and sometimes their sisters and mothers 8Family EconomyDomestic Economy family formAccording to Cohen it implies shared income and shared labour assumes equal redistribution and equal investment ie labour though this is not always the caseGriffin Cohen demonstrates that women in the Family Economy Womens contributions to the family economy were seen in terms of SR rather than productionWomens access to property the gains of the family economy was limited
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