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Notes based on Feeding Desire Book


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA01H3
Professor
Maggie Cummings

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Chapter One Notes
- good traders and herders
- caravans can extend to Algeria
- sell ostrich feather and skins and receive GANDOURAS (men’s robes) and blankets;
also try and get animals
- Niger
- sparse grass and occasional acacia trees
- meager vegetation used for food and for medicine
- diff types of sand: IHSE (large), RAMLE (loose) AZEYZ (hot)
- December to March- yellowish gray haze, wind comes in diff varieties: AMERUG
(cool), IRIFI (hot), and ZOWBAYA (whirlwinds)
- people quietly recite a prayer when wing passes, as it is a metaphor… perhaps an
embodiment of spirits and evil forces
- balance between heat and cold forces of bodies in the wind
- wind connects people round you
- Tuareg (well known group), Bouzou (originally a slave caste), Woodabee Fulani (cattle
raising, recent muslims), Hausa and Zarma (political power and have roles in the
government)
- Tuareg colonized by French in the early 20th century
- in 1980s, hit by drought so waged war to establish dependence (conflict: Arabs had all
the weaponary)
- constant fighting between two groups
- Azawagh Arabs concentrated in the North of Niger
- capital is village Tassara, but many live in the country capital Tchin Tabaraden
- chose to stay in the North instead of the urbanized south
- see themselves as Arabs and descendents of the Middle East Arabs
- modernly known as the Moors
- some in Algeria, Mali as well
- between 15,000 and 20,000m speak Glgaliyya (variant of Hassaniya Arabic spoken bin
Mauritiana)
- oral traditions
- three main zastes amongst Azawagh Arabs: white/free arabs, HARATIN the former
caste slave, artisan came (dark skinned); differ because of descent, status, and lack of
intermarriages
- HARATIN lived in the northern part of town, white arabs in the center/souther ends
- Azawagh Arabs wear the same robes and turbans as the Tuareg and speak Tamajeq well
- plump body is desirable; ate couscous and swallowed down with water without chewing
- enforced early in childhood
- religious leader (QADI) and chief (SULTAN) spent a lot of time in Tassara
- NESRANI westerner
- women didn’t go to the markets
- third party present- the devil
- women wear HAWLI
- women rarely went to school and left their villages
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- dependency on a world of subtle forces, hidden intentions, sneaky spirits, and secret
desires
- kin is everything
- no paved roads, no television, no electricity, water in public sigots, or from wells
- attributed bad winds as chaos that violence was causing on the eart
- men adjusted more quicly towards a modernizing world
- literate in Koranic Arabic
- asked where Africa was, have heard of Amerixa, Saudi, France (women)
- women’s lives are more confined, only one had been to the main city
- less common because of the decrease in availability of cow’s milk and no slaves to do
work; no one question the practice’s worth
- isolated yet global (past from Italy, cars from Japan, Islam, radio from France)
- children died, lots of illnesses, cheating husbands
Chapter Two Notes
- Ibn Battuta and the Bardama women
- DEGHNU: women fatten on this drink (1325)
- eating enforced by blows
- goat-skin sack full of milk
- so fat they have to be carried by servants
- henna
- helped them keep their women away from their French
- ran combs along skin to bring out the appearance of stretchmarks
- teaches a woman to be quiet and immobile (YEDDBHE)
- no public event marks the passage of one’s preparation for married adulthood
- do not keep ages (body tells signs of maturation)
- loss of first two milk teeth= fattening time! Pubic hair= HAWLI, period= fasting
- diet changes occur later from milk to couscous and water (to counter hotness as
couscous is a “cold” food)
- rag dolls
- forcing a girl to eat fattening food is called AL GHARR (deception)
- stretch marks on arms are prettier than stomach stretch marks (rarer, harder to achieve)
- fatness is ZEYN (beautiful)
- girls stop learning after they lose their first baby teeth
- fattening has to do with making women sexually mature and desirable adult women
- force-fed (TENGHARRU)
- wealth, when its difficult to fatten, or when the mother is big… girls are more likely to
be fattened
- fattening rested on men (they supplied food)
- Haratin (servant) women pound grain, Haratin men get milk, a woman (not mother,
she’s too weak).. preferably a paternal grandmother, aunt, or a mother –in-law are in
charged of the fattening of a girl
- possible to get fat on two foods: grain and milk
- fatter= hotter; hot and cold make one diet’s consist of more milk or more grain
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