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ANTA01H3- Final Exam Guide - Comprehensive Notes for the exam ( 51 pages long!)


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA01H3
Professor
Genevieve Dewar
Study Guide
Final

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UTSC
ANTA01H3
Final EXAM
STUDY GUIDE

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Introduction to ANTA101: Human Beings
Oxford dictionary: study of human beings, in particular
4 fields; archaeology, evolutionary anthropology, paleoanthropology, cultural
anthropology, linguistics
Archaeology: study of human history and prehistory through the excavation of sited and
the analysis of artefacts and other physical remains
Evolutionary Anthropology: the science of human zoology, evolution, and ecology
Bio archaeology- relationships between human evolution
Bog bodies- sacrificing bodies into a bog
Paleoanthropology- study of fossils of ancestors
Homo floriensis- small humans that are of a different species found on island
Neanderthals different than homo sapiens, 4% relations
Homo naledi; new species found in Africa
Primatology: study of apes and monkeys
Cultural anthropology: comparative study of human societies and cultures and their
development
Linguistics: study of language, morphology, syntax, phonetics, semantics
*******picture for midterm comes from 2 fossil lectures
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ANTA LECTURE 2: Intro to Anthropology, Evolution and Genetics
Sep, 18
WHAT IS A SPECIES?
Natural selection
Survival of the fittest
Decent with modification
Variation that already exists within a species & evolution works on entire pop. not
individ.
Sexual selection
WHAT IS SPECIES?
A group of creatures which breed together and produce viable and fertile offspring
May be quite similar in appearance or variable
May all live in 1 part of the world or many parts
Share behavioral traits relating to social groups, food preferences, reproductive
strategies
Distinguish between members of own species and others
HISTORY OF ORIGINS
Origin of earth and therefore humans based on his interpretation of the bible
James Ussher- estimated the age of the earth started on October 23rd 40004BC
Earth is 6000 yrs old according to bible
Based on genesis at 9am
GEOLOGY CONTRIBUTES
George Cuvier- thought that if the earth was 6000 yrs old then global and violent
catastrophes were used to explain canyons, mountains
Reverend Burnett- saw slow erosion, water, wind and ice
UNIFORMITARIANISM
Buffon to lea aout the eath, study the eath- processes are known, natural, and
observable
Hutton- slow working, uniform and natural processes= hundreds of thousands of years
Lyell- the peset is the key to the past- Mississippi delta
Reverend Chalmer- all the bible says is 6 days, Ussher is wrong, not the bible
Uniformitarianism- Processes that occurred in the present, likely occurred in the past
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