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ANTA01H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Hox Gene, Bonobo, Soltyrei

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Genevieve Dewar
Study Guide

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Anthropology Midterm Exam
1. A group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring is called
A. Hominid
B. A species
C. A family
D. A hominid
E. A populace
2. Biological anthropologists are concerned with the external interaction of biology and culture in
evolution. This is called
A. Cultural Relativism
B. the Biocultural Approach
C. Biocultural Anthropology
D. the Empirical Method
E. the Scientific Method
3. What is the belief that species do not change but are the same as when first created known as?
A. fruity of species
B. the Great Chain of Being
C. truth
D. uniformitarianism
E. natural selection
4. _____________________ first recognized that species were groups of organisms that were
distinguished from other such groups by their ability to mate with one another and produce fertile
A. John Ray
B. Charles Darwin
C. Carolus Linnaeus
D. Alfred Russel Wallace
E. Jean-Baptise Lamarck
5. Who was the first to actually attempt to explain the mechanism by which species change?
A. Carolus Linnaeus
B. Jean-Baptiste Lamarck
C. Charles Lyell
D. Charles Darwin
E. Erastus Darwin
6. Which of the following concepts did NOT influence Darwin in developing his theory of evolution?
A. Population size increases more rapidly than food supplies
B. There is competition among individuals for resources
C. Species are unchanging types, and individual variation within a species is not important
D. There is biological variation in all members of a species
E. Favourable variations are passed on and accumulate in populations over time

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Anthropology Midterm Exam
7. “Fitness” in an evolutionary sense, refers to an individuals
A. strength
B. reproductive success
C. aggressiveness
D. size
E. age of death
8. When Mendel crossed tree breeding tall and short parental plants, what was produced?
A. all the offspring were tall
B. Half the offspring were tall, the other half were short
C. All the offspring were short
D. The offspring were intermediate in height relative to the two parent plants
E. About 90 percent were tall but the rest were short
9. Wheat is the term for the condition of two copies of the same allele being present in the genotype
A. dominant
B. condemned
C. recessive
D. homozygous
E. segregated
10. Which of the following is not a polygenic trait?
A. Stature
B. skin color
C. eye color
D. ABO blood type
E. hair color
11. In a hypothetical situation, B is the allele that causes brachydactyly. If a normal man who has normal
fingers (bb) and a woman with brachydactyly (Bb) have children, what proportion of these children
would you expect to have normal fingers?
A. None
C. ¼
D. ¾
E. ½
12. Evolution can be described as a two-stage process that includes which of the following?
A. genetic drift followed by migration
B. natural selection followed by migration
C. recombination followed by nutrition
D. production of variation followed by natural selection acting on this variation
E. production and distribution of variation

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Anthropology Midterm Exam
13. What is the only source of new genetic material in any population?
A. mutation
B. genetic drift
C. founder effect
D. migration
E. natural selection
14. The Hb3 allele increased in frequency in West African populations due to which of the following?
A. sickle-cell anemia
B. genetic drift
C. migration
D. increased mutation rates
E. natural selection
15. What is the false belief that there is a relationship between physical traits and certain behavioural
traits such as intelligence and mortality?
A. congenic
B. nictogenism
C. polygenism
D. biological determinism
E. homeostasis
16. A polytypic species
A. is one that has no phenotypic variability
B. has never been observed in nature
C. is one composed of local population that differ from one another with regard to the expression of so
more than three traits
D. is one composed of local populations that differ from one another with regard to the expression of one
or more traits
E. is composed of widely dispersed populations
17. Structural similarities shared by species that are acquired by descent from a common ancestor are
A. analogies
B. homologies
C. acquired
D. uninformative of evolutionary relationships
18. What is the evolutionary process that produces analogies structure called?
A. speciation
B. homology
C. hemoplasy
D. founder effect
E. evolutionary systematics
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