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ANTA02H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Straw Hat, Psychopathy, Social Security Number

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Maggie Cummings
Study Guide

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In Search of Respect
-Bourgois forced into crack
-Looking for an inexpensive apartment
-wanted to write book on the experiences of poverty and ethnic segregation in the
heart of one of the most expensive cities in the world
-thought drug themes was one of the main things he would explore
-original subject was the entire underground licensed off-track betting and drug-
-people didn’t know what cocaine was when he first arrived because it was not
available as a mass-marketed product
-by the end however a lot of people knew about it
-heroin has rejoined crack and cocaine as a primary drug of choice available in the
inner city as international suppliers of heroin have regained their lost market share
of substance abuse by lowering their prices and increasing the quality of their
The Underground Economy
-book not about crack or drugs
-substance abuse is just a symbol of deeper social marginalization and alienation
-according to the statistics burgoise’s neighbors should be dressed in rags and
-most local residents are adequately dressed and reasonably healthy
-why should people take the subway downtown to work minimum wage – in
downtown offices when they can sell drugs in their street corners in front of their
apartment or school yard
-because fewer households than individuals are missed by the Census in urban
settings, one possible measure for the size of the underground economy is the
figure got households that declare no “wage or salary income”
-this provides only the roughest comparative measure for the size of the
underground economy in different neighborhoods because some households
survive exclusively on retirement
-this figure only measures drug dealing even more tenuously since many rely on
the untaxed economy for supplemental income
Street Culture: Resistance and Self Destruction
-street culture offers an alternative forum for autonomous personal dignity
-street culture has emerged as an oppositional style
-although street culture emerges out of a personal search for dignity and a rejection
of racism and subjugation it ultimately becomes an active agent in personal
degradation and community ruin
-most El-Barrio residents have nothing to do with drugs

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-the drug dealers in this book represent a small minority of East Harlem but they
have managed to set the tone for public life
-street-level drug dealers offer a persuasive, even if violent and self-destructive,
alternative lifestyle to the youths growing up around them
-the extreme – response to poverty and segregation that the dealers and addicts in
this book represent, afford insight into processes that may be experienced in one
form or another by major sectors of vulnerable population experiencing rapid
structural change in the context of political and ideological oppression
Ethnographic Methods and Negative Stereotyping
-hopes to restore the agency of culture, the autonomy of individuals, and the
centerality of gender and the domestic sphere to a political economic
understanding of the experience of persistent poverty and social marginalization
of the United States
-individuals who have been marginalized socially, economically, and culturally
have had negative relationships with mainstream society
-even honest citizens for example, regularly engage in underground economy
practices when they finesse their deductions on income tax returns
-cultures are never good or bad, they have an internal logic. Suffering is usually
hideous, it is a solvent of human integrity, and ethnographers never want to make
the people they study look ugly
Critiquing the Culture of Poverty
-bourgeois’s feels that it is imperative from a personal and ethical perspective, as
well as from an analytical and a theoretical one to explain the horrors that he
witnessed from a personal and an ethnical perspective
Chapter 1: Violating Apartheid in the United States
-research almost came to an end when he disrespected Ray
Learning Street Smarts
-Ray was having a good time with his friends, acquantinces and it was rare to catch
him this happy
-Ray and Burgouise were close, Ray had told him about his stickup artist past, and
because in the party Ray had just made a point of buying Burgoise a Heineken
instead of the cheaper budwieser that everyone else received
-Burgouise thought it would be a good moment and it would impress everyone if
he shared a photograph of him on the newspaper standing next to Phil Donahue
following a prime-time televison debate on violent crimes in East Harlem
-He wanted to show that picture because some of Ray’s most closest men thought
that he was an imposter, pretending to be a stuck up professor, and some thought
he was a narcotics agent on a long-term undercover assignment

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-Basically burgouise stuffed the paper into Ray’s face and told him to read the
caption, and Ray can’t read
-He got very upset and swore at everyone and said he didn’t care about any of this
-Primo turned to him and saidyou dissed the fat nigga
The Parameter of Violence, Power, and Generosity
-Ray had taught Primo how to steal car radios and burgalarize downtown
-Primo told burgoise that Ray will not be okay he is respected on the streets,
people know him, he was wild when he was a kid .On the streets that means
respect. So, Burgoise asked him if he was scared of Ray, and Primo admitted he
has been scared of Ray. He told him stories of childhood terror that Ray inflicted
on him.
-Ray’s ruthlessness and cruelty were an integral part of his effectiveness at running
his networks and crackhouses smoothly
-Behavior that appears irrationally violent, barbaric, and ultimately self-destructive
to the outsider can be reinterpreted oneshuman capital development
-Ceaser is Primo’s best friend and he works as the lookout in the gameroom.
-Primo and Ceaser explained to Burgoise that its not good to be sweet sometimes
to people because they are going to take advantage of you. You have to be a nice
and sweet person in real life but you got to have a little meaness in you and play
street. You can’t allow people to push you around because otherwise people think
you’re a punk and that’s the whole point to make people believe your cool so that
nobody bothers you
-After that Burgouise tried to keep a low profile, and not encounter Ray. Ray had
told Primo that he had a dream that Burgouise was part of the FBI. Everyone took
these symbolic warnings seriously because dreams have a powerful significance
in Puerto Rican culture
-Ray’s followers did not remain loyal to him solely out of fear and violence, some
of the older network members of his network genuinely liked him. He was
capable of reciprocating friendship.
The Barriers of Cultural Capital
-Ray expected Burgoise to serve as his cultural broker to the outsider world,
ultimately demanding that I help him launder his money
-He wanted bugoise’s help him in all the beureaucratic hoops that kept him from
operating as a legal entrapaneur.
-Burguiose was careful not to offend Ray and always found excuses to avoid
unwittingly becoming a facilitator to his money-laundering schemes, which
inevitably failed miserably as soon as he encountered institutionalized
bureaucracies or any kind of formal paperwork
Confronting Race, Class, and Politics
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