•Common sense tradition, modernity
•Tradition “traditional” “them”
•Modern “modern” “us”
•Orientalism Edward Said 1979
•Certain images western world has of the eastern world
•This is a product of orientalism
•The people with these views of the eastern world never left their countries
•Problem on checking up, we believe what the oriental scholars talk about (who have never ben
•Governments are despotic because they aren’t listening to the people
•Main themes: structure/agency, respect? Gender roles? For In Search Of Respect
•Structure/agency is a cycle. Crack dealing/ respect. The people.
•Structure Hierarchies, institutions, social environment, history, employment, economy.
•East Harlem Immigrant neighbourhood, decline of manufacturing (grandparents took the
manufacturing jobs, the parents sort of had the jobs, had insecurities, but as it came to the
grandchildren, they didn’t get the jobs). Jibaro happy to be on the farm, independent
lifestyle, the ideal dream was to have extended families, have own farm, have kids, do the
work yourself, had respect from everyone, male centered dream.
•Masculine Honour Complex USA companies made sugar plantations in Puerto Rico
kicking everyone out of their country to New York. Available textiles, employment for the
grandparents in New York. Cheap housing was set up in East Harlem where all immigrants
would move on. By the time we get to the third generation, those jobs are gone.
•Agency individual’s choice, motivation, desire to do something
•Violence, on-going drug taking, started dealing drugs, making money, you can’t get a job
because of hierarchies, you’re never going to get anywhere with that kind of income, the
independent extended families is where the respect comes from is what the grandparents used
to say but this is not working for them. The structural constraints prevent the 3rd generation
from achieving this, have to reconstruct the way to get honour, and now they do this by
getting money and selling drugs (their new way of receiving honour).