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Best Feeding Desire notes ever!

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Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTA02H3
Professor
Maggie Cummings

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Beulah Erhiawarien
ANTA02
Feeding Desire: Fatness, Beauty, and sexuality among a Saharan people
Prologue
¾ Beauty ideals are not superficial but ^o]v}uoÆÁÇ}}]Ç[]o]v}Z
Z}(o](YvlZ]µ(}u}o]]oU}]oUv}v}u]o]]_X
o For example in the modern Western societies there is an expectation that males and
(uo(]oo]u]o}oÁZ]Zvv]vZ]o(}Á}uv}ZÀ^ovv
]u_}]ÁZZÌPÁPZµoµuv and woman are completely
different and it is believed they should not be similar hence the desire for corpulent
woman.
o }]vP}W}v}^ÌÁPZ}]ÇÁ]ooZ}ÁZ}ÁZ]µÇ]oo}
(ovÆ}]o]oµZZo}vU[v]}vv}v}u]
system in which the (µ]}(uv[]Ào}Z]vÀZ]v]À(uo}]_
(2).
¾ It is a universal human tendency to attempt to improve on human design. Humans appear to be
designed to respond to beauty in its universally shared attributes (such as thicker hips than
waistlines among woman) to its culturally specific manifestations (such as thinner woman in the
Western societies, and voluptuous woman of the Azagwah culture)
¾ ^,µuv}]]ÀoÇU]v}Z words, to looks that deviate least from the mean, be it in the
v}ovPZUo]]ÌU}ÇZ_XÆuÆ]Á]ZZo]Ì]}vZ]vPo]o
more of the ideal than the next person might prevent an advantage (hence the uber thing
fashion models in a society that encourages slender woman)
¾ ôí9}(}]]Z}o^Z]]o]Ç}(Zoµuv[}]vPZ(]oo}µ[_
o Ex: Jamaicans find fat to be positive but differentiate between different kinds of fat.
Plumpness is often associated with sex appeal, well beign and social status where as in
tv}]]]]^]v]]À}(oÌ]vUol}(o(-control, ill-health, low status,
vµv]Àv_X
o Though the Moors emphasize fattening at all stages of life some cultures encourage it
before marriage, to become the ideal bride, and after marriage, as a sign of a well take n
care of and happy woman.
o Ability to engage in fattening practices if often a thing of status cause only the elite
would have the resources
¾ ^Z]v}µZµv]Àoµoµoo}P]}(v]vP_XEÀZoall societies, alter the
^vµo_}Ç}}v(}u}}]oÀ]ÁUZ]]Zµuvµv]Ào.
¾ Though fattening is very important in the cultural of the Azagwagh Arab it is not often matter of
discussion.
www.notesolution.com
o /v(v]vPZÇ]vZ]Ƶooµ^µµZ]}ÁvZÀ]}_~ô
o ^oZ}µPZƵo]Ç]Z}(}Zoµv(u]oÇ]vU its potent force is
o}Zv]vP}(u]oÇ}vvZ}]o}YvZµ]uµlpt in
ZlYZ]vÀ]o}(]ov_
o ^D]olvÁ}uv[}]vµoÀoU}Zu]ovÇu}o]U(}Z
}uuµv]ÇÁZ}o_~ô.
Chapter 1: Coming into the Azagwagh
The Azagwagh
¾ The Azagwagh Arabs live in a region in northern Niger. Their de facto capital is Tassara,
established by the Nigerien government, and uvÇo}o]ÀdZ]vdvUE]P[]o
established by the French. This region is plagued by strong winds which they people see as a
metaphor for evil spirits and forces, the bearer of heat and coldness which are needed to be
lovXdZÁ]vvZ(}^]ovoÇv]vÀ]]vooµvU
}vv]}v}o}ZÁ}o}µvZu_~íñX
¾ The Azagwagh Arabs have been at war with the Tuareg who in live in the same vicinity.
;LSEVIXLIµ%^EK[EKL%VEFW¶#
¾ dZ}µPZZÇ}v]ZuoÀ^_v(}oozuv]}^µ]UZÇ
are more culturally, linguistically and historically aligned with the Moors (though the term
^D}}_]v} without confusion). In this book they will be referred to as Azagwagh Arabs. They
speak a dialect of Arabic called Galgaliyya and have over the years increased in formation of
ouvµ}}µPZ]vZóì[vôì[(}]vPZu}o}]veas near water
which.
¾ ^dZÇZÀ}]}v}/ouUo](]v]v}}U]u]o]o}(]Uv}v}uÇ
based on herding and trade, a caste-o]l}]oµµY_~íóX
o The caste division is 1- the white or free Arabs, 2- former slaves, the haratin 3- artisan
caste
Peace Corps Prelude: Tchin Tabaraden
¾ /Áµ]vPZµZ}[Á}l]vZW}]vdZ]vdvZshe first encountered
(v]vP}(Ç}µvPP]ovovZ^oµu}ÇÁZ]PZ]o(µ}(v
adult womanhood among all the eZv]P}µ]vZ_~îíX
¾ She also learned of the superior sentiment felt by light skinned Arabs compared to their dark
skinned Hausa counterparts as well as to Europeans.
Fieldwork: Tassara
¾ Popenoe found it difficult to tall(oÇ}uv]vZ^Z]PZÆ-PP}]Ç_~îñbut
was allowed into places, as a foreigner, that Arab women did not likely go.
www.notesolution.com
¾ Kv}ÀÇ^where one man and one women are alone together, there will be a
third present t ZÀ]o_~26). To be culturally respectful she tried to avoid being alone with one
man (though most women did not find her as great a threat due to her small body proportions
and offered their teenage brothers to her) and also adorned proper bodily coverage.
¾ She found It heart to convey the nature of her work to the woman there who had hardly seen
books, other than the Koran, or went to school or left their villages.
Status and Change
¾ /vZÌPÁPZÁ}ouvo](]^}Zu}(P]ovu}ÆoZv]n a
tvÁ}o_~îóXdZ]PuZ]}vZ/ou](]ZÁZ]Z]]vÁ]vÁ]ZZ]
daily lives and duties, family is everything. dZÇuZ]}(^Z}Ç[}vv}
and a dependency on a world of subtle forces, hidden intentions, sneaky spirits and secret
]_~îóXThere is also this belief that ^uvvÁ}uv(}uÇ'}}]((v
and complementary as possible, and that the tension between them is one of principle driving
(}}(uvo](}vZ_ (28)
¾ Men are more in interaction with the modernizing world than woman and are familiar with
Z]vPµZdÀU]}vZ^o](}(Àvo]]Ç_~îôµ}(Z]
routes, whereas woman are becoming more confined and are less aware of the outside world.
¾ ^µoµo}vÀ]]}vXXv}]oÇÁÇÇZvP]vvUZsence of
nation-v]uÇU}Z]Ào}(vÁZv}o}PÇvvÁ(}}µ((_~îõX,vZ
continuance of beliefs such as fattening because the ideas that uphold them do not change.
¾ The Azagwagh Arabs are both remote and global t ^dZÇZÀoÁÇv}(oP
v(]vÁ}oYvo}]v]vP}(tv]ÌPo}o]u_~îõ.
Chapter 2: Getting fat
Travelers and explorers, 1352-1936
¾ Ibn Battuta in 1352 noted among the Berber people living at the modern day border of Mali and
E]PZµ}(}Á[u]olvµv}}l}Pu(}(v]vP}(Ç}µvPÁ}uvX,o}
mentoned the use of a drink called deqnu (which sounds similar to deghnu drank by the
Azagwahs) used in the diet of the peopling neighboring the Bardama people.
¾ Mungo Park took note in the 18th century of efforts taken to fatten young girls, in which mothers
forced them to eat
¾ Rene Caillie noted the use of slaves to beat girls among the Moors who refused to take in the
portions of food to make them fat.
¾ Tuareg women follow such principles, that larger woman are beautiful, and employ such
methods of using plants made to fatten animals to season their meaUoÇ]vP^µvovl}
]vµ]]}vUv]P]}v}(}µu]ol_ò
¾ Beautiful wives in Mauritannia were comp}^P}l]vloo}(u]ol_~ïòX
French colonial officials in Azawagh
www.notesolution.com

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Description
Beulah Erhiawarien ANTA02 Feeding Desire: Fatness, Beauty, and sexuality among a Saharan people Prologue Beauty ideals are not superficial but ^o]L }KoZ}Z} ][Z]oZ]L}Z ZZZ}o];LQlZ] Z}K}o]] o7Z} ]o7L }L}K] o]]Z_~: o For example in the modern Western societies there is an expectation that males and KoZ]ooZ]K]o}oZZ] Z LZL]LZ]o}}KL}Z^oLL ]K_}]ZZZZ22Z oKL and woman are completely different and it is believed they should not be similar hence the desire for corpulent woman. o }]L2}9}L}^2ZZ} ]]ooZZ}Z}Z]]oZoZ} o LZZZ} ]o]oZZ ZZZ o}ZLZZ7[L] }LL }L}K] system in which the ]Z}KL[Z ]o}Z]LZZ]LZZ]Ko}]Z_ (2). It is a universal human tendency to attempt to improve on human design. Humans appear to be designed to respond to beauty in its universally shared attributes (such as thicker hips than waistlines among woman) to its culturally specific manifestations (such as thinner woman in the Western societies, and voluptuous woman of the Azagwah culture) ^,KLZ }Z]]o7]L}Z words, to looks that deviate least from the mean, be it in the L}ZoL2Z7o]Z]7}ZZ_~:KZ]Z]ZZo]]}LZ]L2o]o more of the ideal than the next person might prevent an advantage (hence the uber thing fashion models in a society that encourages slender woman) }Z} ]]ZZ}o^ZZ]]o]}ZoKLZZ[}]L2Z]oo}[_~ o Ex: Jamaicans find fat to be positive but differentiate between different kinds of fat. Plumpness is often associated with sex appeal, well beign and social status where as in JZLZ} ]]Z]]Z^]L] ]}o]LZZ7o l}Zo-control, ill-health, low status, LL ]LZZ_~: o Though the Moors emphasize fattening at all stages of life some cultures encourage it before marriage, to become the ideal bride, and after marriage, as a sign of a well take n care of and happy woman. o Ability to engage in fattening practices if often a thing of status cause only the elite would have the resources ^Z]ZL}Z ZL]Zo ooo}2] }L]L2_~:-ZoZZsocieties, alter the ^Lo_}} }L}K}Z} ]o]Z7Z]Z]ZZKLL]Zo. Though fattening is very important in the cultural of the Azagwagh Arab it is not often matter of discussion. www.notesolution.com o LL]L2Z]L ZZ]Zoo^ZZ]}LZ]}_~ o ^oZ}2ZZo]]ZZZ}}ZoZLK]o]L Z7 its potent force is oZ}ZL]L2}K]o}LZLZZ} ]o};LZZ]KZlpt in Z l;Z]L]oZ}Z]oL _~ o ^,]olL}KL[Z}]ZL Zoo7}ZK]oLZK}o] 7}Z }KKL]ZZ}o_~. Chapter1:ComingintotheAzagwagh TheAzagwagh The Azagwagh Arabs live in a region in northern Niger. Their de facto capital is Tassara, established by the Nigerien government, and KLoZ}o]@ Z][email protected]]2[Z ]o established by the French. This region is plagued by strong winds which they people see as a metaphor for evil spirits and forces, the bearer of heat and coldness which are needed to be loL :@Z]LLZZ} Z^Z]oLoL]L]Z]oLooZZL Z7 }LL ]}L}o}Z}o}LZK_~: The Azagwagh Arabs have been at war with the Tuareg who in live in the same vicinity. ;L5-81:L1^-K[-KL8-.9 @Z}2ZZ }LZ]ZKZoZ^_L} oozKL]}^]Z7Z are more culturally, linguistically and historically aligned with the Moors (though the term ^,}}_]ZL} without confusion). In this book they will be referred to as Azagwagh Arabs. They speak a dialect of Arabic called Galgaliyya and have over the years increased in formation of ZoKLZ}}2Z]LZ[ZL[Z} ]L2ZK}o} ]Leas near water which. ^@ZZZ}]}L}ZoK7o]]L]L}}Z7Z]K]o]o Z}] 7L }L}K based on herding and trade, a caste-o]lZ} ]oZ ;_~: o The caste division is 1- the white or free Arabs, 2- former slaves, the haratin 3- artisan caste PeaceCorpsPrelude:TchinTabaraden Z]L2ZZ}[Z}l]LZ9 }Z][email protected] Z][email protected] first encountered L]L2}}L22]oZLoLZ^oK}ZZ]2ZoZ]o}L adult womanhood among all the eZL] 2}Z]LZ_~: She also learned of the superior sentiment felt by light skinned Arabs compared to their dark skinned Hausa counterparts as well as to Europeans. Fieldwork:Tassara Popenoe found it difficult to tallo}KL]LZ^Z]2ZoZ-Z22Z} ]_~but was allowed into places, as a foreigner, that Arab women did not likely go. www.notesolution.com
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