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ANTB19H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Structural Violence, Ethnography, Homicide


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTB19H3
Professor
Donna Young
Study Guide
Final

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ANTB19 Lectures
Lecture 4:
E.E. Evans-Pritchard and Colonial Anthropology
Key Words:
Colonial Rule
19th and 20th cen. Administrative and bureaucratic interventions came to
play disruptive role in lives of ppl around the world as they were
reconstituted as subjects of colonial rule and emerging nation states
Participant Observation
Cultural Translation
Idiomatic Speech
Objectivity
The Ottoman Empire
during the 1st half the 20th century the breakup of empire
collapse of ottoman empire prior to WWI was followed by forms of violence
in many forms
o Structural violence of poverty and treat of starvation
o Racist ideologies led to terror and discrimination
Idea that northern Arabic’s were treated differently better)
than the southern blacks (Nuer) were considered further down
in the evolutionary social scale in the Sudan
When British took over there were different forms of rule
depending on your racist ideologies
o Ethno nationalist Exclusions orchestrated buy emerging
states/empires
Were in the Ottoman Empire but then became part of the british rule
Condominium Government of Egypt and the Sudan (1899-1956) and ?
Evans-Pritchard
Sudan was administered as a British imperial possession
1924 onwards British divided Sudan into 2 separate territories,
predominately Arabic and Muslim speaking north, and predominantly
aminst and Christian south
British commissioners are having a very difficult time subjugating the nuer,
because of this they requested a British anthropologist
Nuer
Nuer were hostile to the British because they bomb their cattle and are trying
to restrict their movement
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When Reading ethnographies…
How did the ethnographer gain access to the community they are writing
about
How do political and economical arrangements contour the relationship
between the ethnographer and those being studied
What theoretical concerns motivate the study
Final Exam:
2 hours
last day of class we will get exam question (essay question)
Week 8
Segmentary Lineage Systems
Clan largest group of agnates who trace their decent from a common
ancestor, and between whom something is forbidden (marriage)
E.P clans are highly segmented all of the subsets are lineages
traces all relationships through mother (cognates) and fathers (agnates) and
affines (people married into) nuer call them Mar
Nuer patrilinage is only concerned through agnatic relationships
(relationships through fathers)
Pg. 198 linage values are thus essentially relative like tribal values, and we
suggest later that the processes of lineage segmentation and political
segmentation are somewhat coordinate
That is on the ground in the real world it is hard to tell them apart because
they involve the same players and the players may …but they describe
different sociological structures. In other words the difference is one the
anthropologist is making in order to describe the social structure of the nuer,
to describe how the different structures of a society are interrelated and help
to reproduce the society over time.
o That is why we call E.P a structural functionalist
o He describes how kinships and political structures work together to
create nuer society
o Structural Functionalism theory of how society works,
anthropologists in this time were trying to isolate institutions that
gave society its overall structure
i.e. Canadian Society key structures: Kinship (structures
made through laws 1 spouse), Political structure, Law,
Education, economic structure
E.P would try to imagine what Canadian society was by trying
to distinctly describe what each structure was and how they
work and how they are interconnected and working together
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