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Final

ANTB19H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Manifest Destiny, Modern Warfare, Structural Violence


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTB19H3
Professor
Donna Young
Study Guide
Final

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INTRODUCTION
= what is colonialism
= how colonialism was mediated by cultural and political institutions
= STATE THE HYPOTHESIS: Colonialism disrupts the notions of time and space
= POINTS: This can be evident through
a. when colonialism started (early 19th century) manifest destiny (in north
america) ISHI (being pushed to the west)
b. years later evans Pritchard went to observe the Nuer cattle lifestyle which
colonialism disrupted. they tried and succeeded (anglo-egyptian sudan
government) colonizing the nuer.
c. years later, colonialism is still prominent. Ie. Palestine and Israel
2ND PARAGRAPH : nuer
= During the first half of the twentieth century, the breakup of empires
spawned large-scale displacements of people. The collapse of the Ottoman Empire
after WW 1 was followed by violence of various forms:
o Structural violence of poverty and the threat of starvation
o Racist ideologies that led to terror and discrimination
o Ethno-nationalist exclusions orchestrated by emerging states and
empires
o Modern warfare & “Ethnic Cleansing”
= manifest destiny
11. What was “manifest destiny”? Can you think of other colonial
regimes that have a similar ideology?
- It was God’s will that Europeans (white people) settle the west.
- Europeans were superior to “primitives” or Indians
- Linked to Social-Darwinism and ideologies of evolution and
progress.
- Racism: Inferior races are meant to die out of be ruled as
subjects.
= the disruption of Yahi’s time and space:
o season of hunting buffalo (replaced by cattle and deer as they are
more resourceful than buffalo) they started being killed during this
season as they were trespassing private properties to hunt
o not only the Europeans felt more superior, but they were killing them
because of the hunting of cattle (this was the only way of Indians’
living)
o So they the Indians either were killed or ran away/pushed towards
the West.
o Ishi was the last one they found that was “uncontaminated” by the
West as he was hiding from the settlers. it was really disruptive for
Ishi as he had to move to a new place (different lifestyle: hunting, hut-
building, etc.; different way of communication; etc.) while he was
being observed and studied in a museum.
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