final exam review
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FINAL EXAM REVIEW – ANTB20
•Answer 5 out of 7 short-answer questions (25 marks)
•Answer 1 essay question out of 3 (15 marks)
Culture, Politics and Globalization
PROVIDE A DEFINITION OF GLOBALIZATION. INCLUDE AT LEAST THREE
CHARACTERISTICS OF GLOBALIZATION IN YOUR ANSWER. WHAT IS
•DEFINITION #1: According to Erikson, globalization as a concept refers to both the
compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness about the world as a whole.
•DEFINITION #2: Inda and Rosaldo say that globalization refers to
oThe development of worldwide modes of transport and communication.
oAn intensification of links, modes of interaction and flows that interconnect the world.
oThe stretching of social, cultural, political and economic practices across frontiers so as to
make possible action at a distance
oThe heightened entanglement of the global and local.
•THREE DIMENSIONS OF GLOBALIZATION:
•1: Increased trade and transnational economic activity
•2: Faster and denser communication networks
•3: Increased tensions between cultural groups due to intensified mutual exposure.
•COMMON ASSUMPTIONS OF GLOBALIZATION
•Dissolving barriers such as time and distance. (Technological advances such as the
•Makes political borders increasingly irrelevant. (Increased movements and flows
through global migration/transnational capital)
•Hybridization of cultures and more mixing
•Intensification of connections and our increasing consciousness about this development
•Rise of the free market (more neo-liberal policies and less trade barriers)
•The great globalization debate is between those who are skeptical about the process (the
“skeptics”) and those who accept it as reality (the “globalists”).
•Arjun Appadurai vs. Frederick Cooper
•Appadurai argues that the modern world is now an interactive system in a sense that it is
striking new. He also says technological explosion has surpassed the technological
advances in the past. APPADURAI ARGUES,
•Frederick Cooper argues that the term globalization is unclear and resembles many
modernization theories. He argues that globalization carries the assumption that (1) it is a
single system of connection that penetrates the entire globe (2) it is doing so now.
COOPER ARGUES, GLOBALIZATION=SKEPTICAL=SKEPTIC.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO SAY THAT THE EXPERIENCE OF GLOBALIZATION IF AN
UNEVEN AND AWKWARD PROCESS? NOT HOMOGENOUS OR EVENLY DISTRIBUTED
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