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Final

final exam review


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTB20H3
Professor
Girish Daswani
Study Guide
Final

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FINAL EXAM REVIEW – ANTB20
Exam Format
Section A
Answer 5 out of 7 short-answer questions (25 marks)
Section B
Answer 1 essay question out of 3 (15 marks)
Culture, Politics and Globalization
PROVIDE A DEFINITION OF GLOBALIZATION. INCLUDE AT LEAST THREE
CHARACTERISTICS OF GLOBALIZATION IN YOUR ANSWER. WHAT IS
GLOBALIZATION?
DEFINITION #1: According to Erikson, globalization as a concept refers to both the
compression of the world and the intensification of consciousness about the world as a whole.
DEFINITION #2: Inda and Rosaldo say that globalization refers to
oThe development of worldwide modes of transport and communication.
oAn intensification of links, modes of interaction and flows that interconnect the world.
oThe stretching of social, cultural, political and economic practices across frontiers so as to
make possible action at a distance
oThe heightened entanglement of the global and local.
THREE DIMENSIONS OF GLOBALIZATION:
1: Increased trade and transnational economic activity
2: Faster and denser communication networks
3: Increased tensions between cultural groups due to intensified mutual exposure.
COMMON ASSUMPTIONS OF GLOBALIZATION
Dissolving barriers such as time and distance. (Technological advances such as the
internet)
Makes political borders increasingly irrelevant. (Increased movements and flows
through global migration/transnational capital)
Hybridization of cultures and more mixing
Intensification of connections and our increasing consciousness about this development
Rise of the free market (more neo-liberal policies and less trade barriers)
DEBATES
The great globalization debate is between those who are skeptical about the process (the
skeptics) and those who accept it as reality (the globalists).
Arjun Appadurai vs. Frederick Cooper
Appadurai argues that the modern world is now an interactive system in a sense that it is
striking new. He also says technological explosion has surpassed the technological
advances in the past. APPADURAI ARGUES,
GLOBALIZATION=NEW=GLOBALIST.
Frederick Cooper argues that the term globalization is unclear and resembles many
modernization theories. He argues that globalization carries the assumption that (1) it is a
single system of connection that penetrates the entire globe (2) it is doing so now.
COOPER ARGUES, GLOBALIZATION=SKEPTICAL=SKEPTIC.
WHAT DOES IT MEAN TO SAY THAT THE EXPERIENCE OF GLOBALIZATION IF AN
UNEVEN AND AWKWARD PROCESS? NOT HOMOGENOUS OR EVENLY DISTRIBUTED
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