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Final

Complete Exam Review

9 Pages
144 Views

Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTB20H3
Professor
Girish Daswani

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ANTB20Final Review Lecture
-What is globalization?
-Assumption + debates (three points/assumptions)
Changes
Increase in connectedness (ex: internet)
Increase in free market economy (more neo-liberal policies)
Increase movements
Dissolving barriers by time x distance
Borders are becoming irrelevant
Cultures are mixing
Intensification of connectedness between different parts of the
world and our increasing conscientiousness of this development
These assumptions allowed for imagined communities
But there are new borders being built, new identities
Hyphenated identities
oLimitations, why is it an uneven and awkward process? Not evenly
distributed, no one experiences it the same because of differences
New vs. old, good vs. bad (not the same)
What does it mean?
Cooper: 3 groups of people, Bankers Boast (beneficial to
human kind), Social Democratic Lement (only beneficial to
elites), dance of flows of fragments (globalization is
fragmented and not everyone is experiencing it the same)
****
oAppadurai, know the 5 scapes: media, techno, ideo, finance, ethno
-McDonald
oTibetans in N. Pakistan, making a political claim
-Double Sidedness of Change
oFlows/movements/connections are mediated and ideologically motivated
oAccompanied by counter-flows, counter movements + disconnectedness
oGlobalization is always accompanied by local transformations
All experiences of globalization is different
Globalization Americanization   Homogeneous change
Assumes general universals must challenge them!
-Neo-liberalism: individual freedom promise but they are not kept
www.notesolution.com
Devil in the Mirror, youre looking at what you want, in the
mirror, but its what is exploiting you
-How are the marginalized populations spoken about/treated (Boca Chica,
tourist police etc)
-What do anthropologists study?
oSocial context (situated/experiences difference, not homogenous)
oCompression of time and space, so people coming together but cluster of
interaction makes it harder to be heard or seen
oPolitics of boundary making (culture and cultural identity are debated
and negotiated)
How people experience certain policies
How they resist/create differences
Local interpretation of change
Gardner: people in Bangladesh want to get away from work,
so try to find jobs or marriage to the UK, where they can earn
more and show off when they come back (contradiction with
DBTM)
Main Themes
-The Work Economy
oClass interest
oHow does it affect the livelihood + marginalized
oHow does globalization affect the ways in which people are positioned
with the work economy?
Overcome obstacles set up by globalization like (Megaport/tourism
in DR example, considered delinquents etc so it made it harder for
them to make a living)
-Nation State and Citizenship
oImagination is a social context
oWhat does it mean to belong to a place?
oHow does citizenship, identity and space map onto each other?
oDiasporas creating their own communities, claim back an identity
oHow to Diasporic groups participate in nationist efforts of establishing a
homeland? *Eritrea, St. John, N. Pakistan example* Bernal, MacDonald,
Olwig
oEX: After independence, DR nationalists aimed to create a national
identity against the Haitian threat, one that emphasized the new
www.notesolution.com
republic Hispanic rather than African Orgins and racial distinctiveness
from blacks
-The Citizen Subject
oMake claims on the state
oAgency freedom of choice, within the culture rules you exist in, you can
make certain choices
Ex. muslim women and the hijab, or sexworkers in the DR,
choosing the lesser of two evils, the best option, Filipinos come here
and become nannies to send money to their families back home
(Parrenas).
-Are Nation States + Borders becoming less relevant?
oAs global citizens we have several ways of identifying to community,
home and citizenship
-Global Migration
oGlobalization implies a major reorientation of approach and is associated
with the increased movement of people across borders
oBrings economic, social and geographic mobility
oMust consider how migrants re-territorializepeople trying to fix or
stabilize a place and continue to imagine links to specific places and
territories
Immigration requires imagination and re-establishing connection
Connected YET disconnected! (because they have changed, as much
as they’ve tried not to, its inevitable)
Depending on time/distance away from home, you have a different
connectedness
oWhat are the ways in which immigrants interpret/transform global flows
into local ideologies?
Parrenas: sacrifice migrants make (Filipino moms away from
home, children resenting the mother)
oGardner: interested in local interpretations of flows of people goods and
meanings
Migrants from Sylhet do not move between two bounded and
separate worlds, but instead they’re two different location of the
same society
-The Global Factory
oCheap labor/ideologicaly constructed
www.notesolution.com

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Description
ANTB20Final Review Lecture - What is globalization? - Assumption + debates (three pointsassumptions) Changes Increase in connectedness (ex: internet) Increase in free market economy (more neo-liberal policies) Increase movements Dissolving barriers by time x distance Borders are becoming irrelevant Cultures are mixing Intensification of connectedness between different parts of the world and our increasing conscientiousness of this development These assumptions allowed for imagined communities But there are new borders being built, new identities Hyphenated identities o Limitations, why is it an uneven and awkward process? Not evenly distributed, no one experiences it the same because of differences New vs. old, good vs. bad (not the same) What does it mean? Cooper: 3 groups of people, Bankers Boast (beneficial to human kind), Social Democratic Lement (only beneficial to elites), dance of flows of fragments (globalization is fragmented and not everyone is experiencing it the same) **** o Appadurai, know the 5 scapes: media, techno, ideo, finance, ethno - McDonald o Tibetans in N. Pakistan, making a political claim - Double Sidedness of Change o Flowsmovementsconnections are mediated and ideologically motivated o Accompanied by counter-flows, counter movements + disconnectedness o Globalization is always accompanied by local transformations All experiences of globalization is different Globalization Americanization Homogeneous change Assumes general universals must challenge them! - Neo-liberalism: individual freedom promise but they are not kept www.notesolution.com
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