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Midterm

ANTB21H3 Study Guide - Midterm Guide: Intentionality, Erving Goffman, Amen


Department
Anthropology
Course Code
ANTB21H3
Professor
Alejandro Paz
Study Guide
Midterm

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ANTB21 2013/9/3
INTRODUCTION:
Every time and everything you express out in language is about how you are and who you are.
What is language?
Discussions:
A way of communicating with other people
Thought into words
Way of sub-consciousness to consciousness
Put thinking into words
We have a long tradition of putting emotions into language
We have an insight that is separated with language?
Russell Peters on Cultural names
What is a cultural name?
Connect you to another place
Have certain religious meaning or cultural names
Representing someon’s identity
Even through you are here but your name link the connection to another place
It comes from the past but with meaning now; deep meanings
Italian names:
1. Connect to something else; 2. Another deep meaning; 3. Social identity
What is opposite of cultural names?
Indian name:
Names like Anit Patel PrabhjotàGod’s Essence
Have deep meaning long history
Wear it proudly like an emblem
Have cultures
i.e. ethnic difference
English regular name
Names like Russel Eric, Maureen
No meaning or history
Cannot really wear it proudly
No culture
i. e. ethnic differences
Cultural names àe.g. Indian Names
Forms in the category
Anit Patel
Prabhjot
Jose
Non-English language class of names
Intuition: used for radicalized minorities in Nam
Explicit rationalization: have deep meaning long history , wear it proudly
Language Ideologies
Assignment for Coming Tutorial
That is what they do in theory, but it’s different in practice
We talk one thing and we act differently
Explicit explanation (theory) about language and how language works socially, which is related to, but
doesn’t determine, the use of language (i.e. the practice). That is, they don’t accurately represent how
people use language.
See Ahearn PP 19-22
Language authorities don’t actually reflect the reality.
Key & Peele on “Dialing it Up”
See blackboard course exampls
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See blackboard course exampls
That is not a white sound … it is called speaking proper English
But there is actually no “Proper English” because the way are socialized, the cultural background”
They read it on the way you speak àyou don’t speak proper English in a Job interview
For the tutorial of week 2, write down an example of a language ideology that you find in your everyday life
or from some product of popular culture.
Nothing more than a paragraph, and it doesn’t have to be formal. Bring it to tutorial and be ready to discuss it.
It will not be marked, but you should hand it in at the end of tutorial
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2013/9/10 Anthropology B21 Week 2 ! !Greeky Lecture
Oct 8th and Nov. 19th, 2013: everyone goes to 5PM tutorial
Course readings: LinkàFor everyweek
Take a copy of reading to tutorial
What is Language?
Review of Last Lecture:
Help to communicate, help to identity our social identities; everyone has inner voice, things like what you want
to say in you mind; we repeating, rep`roducing, reusing,… and many words from other context; we often
using stuff that we experienced somewhere; there is interior us that is very essential to us, has .. we has been
socialized to talk in a certain way;
Couple clips has been shown last lecture about Russell Peter: about the culture names, and some name may
sounds like but some other name does not really sounds like culture names;
Power and institutions like university and classrooms: what is thewhite way”/correct way of talking in
Englishàbut it is not about race but more about the proper and former English talkingà that is the institutional
power that the way you speaking is repeating and reflecting the powers
If asking a question: what is a language? Whatever it may be the answer but it would be very complicated
Replay: Russell Peter
I like Indian names, I think Indian names has long histories and many deep meanings..”
He creates two classes of names: cultural names Vs. normal names
What is the thing that clamp all of these names together as so called asCutlural Names; there is
nothing in English language has that certain classifying
Different Meanings of “mean”
The man in the audience answered Russell.
What doesman” mean?
Gender terms; the term of man; identify a gender
Anit Patel
What doesAnit Patel mean?
Cultural Name?
This is the problem we are facing when we are classifying names; in order to figure this out, we
have to think of the forms of language creating a sign
What is a sign then?
A symbol or some types of forms has some meaning for people;
Ex: red light sign
How to cross Intersection 101
A red light tells to stop while driving or a green light to go while driving; you are in urban and you are
socialized to know this; at the same time it is very contextualizedàwhen you are in
Ellesmere/Morningside and you don’t need to stop when the light of Kennedy and Steeles is red
because you are not in the context;
New comers to Toronto, What is she pointing at when she is crossing the street with yellow flashing
light? You are supposed to point when you are crossing since this is the custom has been practiced by
all Torontonians
You have to be socialized into that context and society so that you are becoming or you have a sense that
you are a group member of that society or group like Torontonian
The complexity of signs
Example: Uh.OH…. Greek Alert
We always have many vocabularies; language as a thing itself gives us an ability to refer to itself
Language is Unique by offering a … of referring to itself
Referring back theman” meaning mentioned previously;
Signs àroughly
Sings are forms that have meaning for some group, and which can be used whie communicating
More technical definition: meaning is a process that involves three components:
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