Notes based on Feeding Desire Book

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Maggie Cummings

Chapter One Notes - good traders and herders - caravans can extend to Algeria - sell ostrich feather and skins and receive GANDOURAS (mens robes) and blankets; also try and get animals - Niger - sparse grass and occasional acacia trees - meager vegetation used for food and for medicine - diff types of sand: IHSE (large), RAMLE (loose) AZEYZ (hot) - December to March- yellowish gray haze, wind comes in diff varieties: AMERUG (cool), IRIFI (hot), and ZOWBAYA (whirlwinds) - people quietly recite a prayer when wing passes, as it is a metaphor perhaps an embodiment of spirits and evil forces - balance between heat and cold forces of bodies in the wind - wind connects people round you - Tuareg (well known group), Bouzou (originally a slave caste), Woodabee Fulani (cattle raising, recent muslims), Hausa and Zarma (political power and have roles in the government) th - Tuareg colonized by French in the early 20 century - in 1980s, hit by drought so waged war to establish dependence (conflict: Arabs had all the weaponary) - constant fighting between two groups - Azawagh Arabs concentrated in the North of Niger - capital is village Tassara, but many live in the country capital Tchin Tabaraden - chose to stay in the North instead of the urbanized south - see themselves as Arabs and descendents of the Middle East Arabs - modernly known as the Moors - some in Algeria, Mali as well - between 15,000 and 20,000m speak Glgaliyya (variant of Hassaniya Arabic spoken bin Mauritiana) - oral traditions - three main zastes amongst Azawagh Arabs: whitefree arabs, HARATIN the former caste slave, artisan came (dark skinned); differ because of descent, status, and lack of intermarriages - HARATIN lived in the northern part of town, white arabs in the centersouther ends - Azawagh Arabs wear the same robes and turbans as the Tuareg and speak Tamajeq well - plump body is desirable; ate couscous and swallowed down with water without chewing - enforced early in childhood - religious leader (QADI) and chief (SULTAN) spent a lot of time in Tassara - NESRANI westerner - women didnt go to the markets - third party present- the devil - women wear HAWLI - women rarely went to school and left their villages
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