ANTA01 Chapter II Fall 2014

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTA01H3
Professor
Mary Silcox
Semester
Fall

Description
ANTA01ChapterIINaturalSelectionThemostcriticalmechanismofevolutionarychangefirstarticulatedbyCharlesDarwinreferstogeneticchangeinthefrequenciesofcertaintraitsinpopulationsduetodifferentialproductivesuccessbetweenindividualsFixityofSpeciesThenotionthatspeciesoncecreatedcanneverchangeanideadiametricallyopposedtotheoriesofbiologicalevolutionBinomialNomenclaturebinomialmeaningtwonamesIntaxonomytheconventionestablishedbyCarolusLinnaeuswherebygenusandspeciesnamesareusedtorefertospeciesForexampleHomesapiensreferstohumanbeingsTaxonomyThebranchofscienceconcernedwiththerulesofclassifyingorganismsonthebasisofevolutionaryrelationshipsCatastrophismTheviewthattheearthsgeologicallandscapeistheresultofviolentcataclysmiceventsThisviewwaspromotedbyCuvierespeciallyinoppositiontoLamarckUniformitarianismThetheorythattheEarthsfeaturesaretheresultoflongtermprocessesthatcontinuetooperateinthepresentastheydidinthepastElaboratedonbyLyellthistheoryopposedcatastrophismandcontributedstronglytotheconceptofimmensegeologicaltimeTransmutationThechangeofone
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