Mid Term Anthropology 2/11/2013 2:03:00 PM
Ethnography is the written paper of analysis that cultural anthropologist
do after studying a culture. this is an important aspect because it
allows cultures that may die out to be understood and notice and studied.
As anthropologist before did not study from the fly on wall perspective
before they started too and it allow less ignorance in the cultures. 1.
Father of anthropology was Malinowski which he visit the papa… and
wrote a report.
He did a key factor within ethnography, which was participant
observation: where he joined the culture but still was able to observe and
record what he saw and did.
James Frazer was said to be one of the founder fathers of cultural
anthropology because documents and details the similarities among
magical and religious beliefs across the globe. Frazer posited that human
belief progressed through three stages: primitive magic, replaced by
religion, in turn replaced by science.
Sir Edward Burnett Tylor he was a father of anthropology because he
developmental beliefs on religion and society.
Language is what sets us apart from moneky and aps and also divids us
Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf: They created a hypothesis
for thinking about humans perceptions for reality; they believed that
people who had different language saw the world as a different place.
Worldview is our perception of how we should view the world this
helpsus shape our reality and establish our moral view and relious views.
Wolrdviews also tell us how to react inc etian situation as for the death
and grieving example. is lecture 3 notes
metaphors in cultural are used to describe certain experiences in life,
some use methrophors to describe greed using food as an example.
Metaphors we live by (Lakoff and Johnson): they believe that we
use knowledge in one domain of experience and using it in another
domain of experience; that use the metaphor we live by.
Domian of experience is basically our first hand experinces in our
Benjamin Franklin: was the first to say the phrase time is money.
Riutals are set aside for special assocaiions they are not part of everyday
day life although we miss use that way. Rituals make understand the meaning of our culture. Brings you in line
with meanings and values
Rites of passages the stages in ritual ceremony Rituals are symbolic
and repetitive events that bring up into our cultural.
separation: where they isolate you from others to identify the
changes being made.
Transition/ liminality: between your current and new social
Integration/reincorporation: reindrocue into society as a new
member of your social class.
Biological Determinism: the example which is that men have better
skills at mathematics, biological determinism would use this to example
using evolution, and natural selection. Vs Cultural constructionist;
would use this example would say that its passed on by upbringing.
Social construct its taken from an idea from is natural or practice and
created and build by that culture. social and cultural says that human
behaviors is based on their culture.
Which brings into sex vs gender one sex is scientific and gender is
Sex : biological categories determine by dentinal chromosomal and
gender: culturally constructed and learn behavior and ideas attributed to
men & women
In Anthropology gender and sex do not correlate” naturally by culturally”
in the example when women are naturally care giving but in other
tribes as the one we are reading men are care giver what dose that
suggest to biology.
The lecture 4 discuss about sambia as an example to explain gender and
sex refer their.
Sambia boys are isolated from women in 6 stages until they barrier one
child. This can take up 10- 15 years as they start when their six.
The first stages is where they are separate from their mothers and then
engages in homosexual activates where they eat seaman from the elder
by stimulating them. Second stage is when they actually eat the seamen
& start to get eh jest of what might happen Thrid stage The boys become bachelors and shift from being inseminated to becoming inseminators.
The adolescents are severely beaten and nose bled. They are taken to
certain trees where they are whipped and purified from any female
contamination Then they are to kill a man and let them take their
seamen. The forth stage is now to marry a women that has had her
period. The fift the man must nose bleed everytime his wife menstruates
and give his wife his seamen The last stage is where the man is now
done and lives with his wife. that the seamen is tranluated to brea