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ANTA02 Midterm Key Concepts (Incomplete)

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Bianca Dahl

Key Concepts: participant observation - Participant observation refers to a form of sociological research methodology in which the researcher takes on a role in the social situation under observation. ethnography - Ethnography is research designed to explore cultural phenomena. An ethnography is a means to represent graphically and in writing, the culture of a group. anthropological sensibility or mindset - Novelist type sensitivity in the matter of observing people and their interactions. “othering” - "othering", we mean any action by which an individual or group becomes mentally classified in somebody's mind as "not one of us" - Othering is a process or a rhetorical device in which one group is seen as "us" and another group as "them" Ethnocentrism - Ethnocentrism is judging another culture solely by the values and standards of one's own culture. cultural relativism - Cultural relativism is the principle that an individual human's beliefs and activities should be understood by others in terms of that individual's own culture. moral relativism - Moral relativism may be any of several philosophical positions concerned with the differences in moral judgments across different people and cultures. - The philosophized notion that right and wrong are not absolute values, but are personalized according to the individual and his or her circumstances or cultural orientation. culture (definitions of it) - the arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively. - Culture is the characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts. Empathy - the ability to understand and share the feelings of another. reflexive anthropology - Being reflexive in anthropology means acknowledging your own subjectivity and the part you play in your work. - In anthropology, reflexivity refers to a researcher's awareness of and analytic focus on his or her relationship to the field of study. 4 fields of anthropology - Biological Anthropology o carry out systematic studies of the non-cultural aspects of humans and near- humans. Non-cultural refers to all of those biological characteristics that are genetically inherited in contrast to learned. Near-human is a category that includes monkeys, apes, and the other primates as well as our fossil ancestors. - Cultural Anthropology o interested in learning about the cultural aspects of human societies all over the world. They usually focus their research on such things as the social and political organizations, marriage patterns and kinship systems, subsistence and economic patterns, and religious beliefs of different societies. Most cultural anthropologists study contemporary societies rather than ancient ones. - Linguistic Anthropology o study the human communication process. They focus their research on understanding such phenomena as the physiology of speech, the structure and function of languages, social and cultural influences on speech and writing,
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