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ANTB19 all Lectures.docx

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University of Toronto Scarborough
Donna Young

ANTB19 Lectures Lecture 4: E.E. Evans-Pritchard and Colonial Anthropology Key Words: Colonial Rule th th  19 and 20 cen. Administrative and bureaucratic interventions came to play disruptive role in lives of ppl around the world as they were reconstituted as subjects of colonial rule and emerging nation states Participant Observation Cultural Translation Idiomatic Speech Objectivity The Ottoman Empire  during the 1 half the 20 century the breakup of empire  collapse of ottoman empire prior to WWI was followed by forms of violence in many forms o Structural violence of poverty and treat of starvation o Racist ideologies – led to terror and discrimination  Idea that northern Arabic’s were treated differently better) than the southern blacks (Nuer) were considered further down in the evolutionary social scale in the Sudan  When British took over there were different forms of rule depending on your racist ideologies o Ethno nationalist Exclusions orchestrated buy emerging states/empires  Were in the Ottoman Empire but then became part of the british rule Condominium Government of Egypt and the Sudan (1899-1956) and ? Evans-Pritchard  Sudan was administered as a British imperial possession  1924 onwards British divided Sudan into 2 separate territories, predominately Arabic and Muslim speaking north, and predominantly aminst and Christian south  British commissioners are having a very difficult time subjugating the nuer, because of this they requested a British anthropologist Nuer  Nuer were hostile to the British because they bomb their cattle and are trying to restrict their movement When Reading ethnographies…  How did the ethnographer gain access to the community they are writing about  How do political and economical arrangements contour the relationship between the ethnographer and those being studied  What theoretical concerns motivate the study Final Exam:  2 hours  last day of class we will get exam question (essay question) Week 8 Segmentary Lineage Systems  Clan – largest group of agnates who trace their decent from a common ancestor, and between whom something is forbidden (marriage)  E.P – clans are highly segmented all of the subsets are lineages  traces all relationships through mother (cognates) and fathers (agnates) and affines (people married into) nuer call them Mar  Nuer patrilinage is only concerned through agnatic relationships (relationships through fathers)  Pg. 198 – linage values are thus essentially relative like tribal values, and we suggest later that the processes of lineage segmentation and political segmentation are somewhat coordinate  That is on the ground in the real world it is hard to tell them apart because they involve the same players and the players may …but they describe different sociological structures. In other words the difference is one the anthropologist is making in order to describe the social structure of the nuer, to describe how the different structures of a society are interrelated and help to reproduce the society over time. o That is why we call E.P a structural functionalist o He describes how kinships and political structures work together to create nuer society o Structural Functionalism – theory of how society works, anthropologists in this time were trying to isolate institutions that gave society its overall structure  i.e. Canadian Society – key structures: Kinship (structures made through laws – 1 spouse), Political structure, Law, Education, economic structure  E.P would try to imagine what Canadian society was by trying to distinctly describe what each structure was and how they work and how they are interconnected and working together Lineages, Clans and Tribes  Have names (McCoys, Finnigans etc.)  Marked by reciprocity and ritual symbols (things they allude to that tie them together)  Expressed in a family idiom (me against my brother..?)  Nuer lineages are not corporate, where as political systems are (identify to a territory and have an obligation to that territory) o May move around o But is always where one lives, and where their cattle are is how political and tribal systems you are in (home is where the cattle are)  Only in reference to rules of exogamy that you need to marry outside your clan, certain ritual ceremonies and regard to homicide that one lineages is autonomous  Quotidian Life (Daily life) – the tribe that matters o Feuds and qu
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