ANTB20 study guide

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Girish Daswani

Globalization as an ideological project Anthropologists show how these global flows are still rooted in place ideas of kinship, reproduce inequalities. Global flows are still situated in nationalregional political interests. People may be remaking themselves through new practices created by globalization However these new identities still framed + interpreted along the lines of kinshipgender race. A metaphor to illustrate working people . (Gregory: 2007;3-4) Provide three characteristics used in defining globalization and provide some limitations to such a definition? Time space compression: expediting of economic and social processes so that distance and time are less constraining o Post fordism: labor doesnt have to be rooted in place; can be flexible; reduces the turnover of time o Flexible labour markets: outsourcing Time space distanciation: time space organized so as to compress presence and absence o E.g. when local are shaped by events happening elsewhere o So Chinese factory workers are more concerned with Barbie sales in the US than with local management in keeping their jobs Eriksen 3 dimensions of globalization increased driven econ activity faster and denser comm. Networks, and increased tensions between Shrinking of local and global standards- language, infrastructure, rights and ethics Limitations o Most globalization definitions focus on macro globalization and not on local processes o Generalization, limited by technology o standardization o Assumption of Americanization and westernization-> but its not, its more of centre-periphery take over, people interpret these processes arent o Nation state is still important e.g. Eritrea o Globalizers: interconnected world with transnational networks, weakening of state, replacing of transnational politics o Skeptics: there is still heterogeneity, regionalization not globalization, do not deny changes but emphasize continuities Provide a definition of globalization and explain how anthropology contributes to the study of global flows? 3 Dimensions of Globalization 1 Increased trade and economic activity 2 Faster and denser communications networks 3 Intensified tensions between (and within) cultural groups 1 Anthropology offers a better understanding of these global processes with the perspective and lense through which they chose to pay attention to. 1 Anthropologists pay attention to: 1 The importance of history 2 The everyday tensions and lived experience of globalization invisibility of certain groups of people due to the focus of attention on the macro political and economic processes of globalization. 3 The changing cultural meanings that people attach to their lives and their ongoing interpretation and adaptation 1 Meaning, the study of meanings with cultural variance in mind and the evolution of this social and cultural evolution. 4 Identity and the elements of society, and everyday experiences that create it 1 Race, gender, nation(alityhood)vs. citizenship, economic standing. 1 Anthropologists are more concerned with the articulation between the global and the local, as opposed to only focusing on the macro processes that generalize and make assumptions across different conditions. 2 Anthropologists look a little harder and say hold on. These are not unidirectional flows and the world is not becoming more homogenized or westernized. 3 Cultural material always entails interpretation, translation and customization on the part of the receiving subjects. 4 Globalization can only be understood in context and differences have to be understood when speaking about common or shared trends. 5 This helps explain Albertos metaphor (in Gregorys Introduction) about the Devil behind the mirror. It describes the dissonance that transnational capital and global networks promise and the reality on the ground. The fact that globalization does not, in many cases, deliver what it promises. 1 People, cultures, capital and commodities may be anchored in more than one place, but they are still anchored in a limited number of specific places, however distant from one another they might be. 2 This means that identity is still anchored in specific contexts and situated in particular, culturally shared, discursive spaces. i.e. they would look at the servants of globalization Who exactly are these people?sometimes from island-what kind of biographiesdo they have though. Thats something we tend to look at-ignore the lives of people affected by globalization Anthropologists look atpeople the histories,-how they reflect to the changes taking placereal social & economics taking place
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