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University of Toronto Scarborough
Girish Daswani

Tracking Global Flows By: Jonathan Xavier Inda & Renato Rosaldo - Five snapshots: o 1. mayan youth, majority unmarried daughters, work as apparel assemblers at Sam Lucas maquila factory o 2. Germany, concern about the refusal of Turkish Muslims to integrate into German society. Honor killings, prevent wives and daughters from participating in German society. o 3.Mcdonalds is prominent feature in local landscape in Russia. o 4. Northern Nigeria, Indian film become integral in media scene, influenced stories, fashion and everyday Hausa population culture. o 5. Hong Kong, talks about female inheritance in 1994. - These snapshots illustrate globalization: o Globalization intensification of global interconnectedness, suggesting a world full of movement and mixture, contact and linkages and persistent cultural interaction and exchange o Complex mobility and interconnections that characterize globe today o World where borders and boundaries are porous peoples and cultures are cast into intense and immediate contact with each other - These snapshots at a more specific level high particular mobility/cultural flow o Capital, people, commodities, images and ideologies These are becoming are become intertwined - Ex: case of Guatemala young women o Technology of communication + transportation made capital more mobile o Leading to low wage sites around the globe (in order to reduce cost of production) - Ex: case of Germany Turkish migrants o Represents post WW2 movement of populations from less affluent parts of the globe into major urban centers of developing nations Result different people and cultures are in same spaces Spaces of the West find themselves homes to a host of diverse and incommensurable cultures - Ex: case of Russia McDonalds o Global standardization of cultural goods, tastes and practices (clothes, food, music, to film architecture) o Certain western brands achieved global prominence o Mass consumption becomes primary mediator in the encounter between cultures - Ex: Nigeria Indian films o Media lets viewers partake in imagined realities of other cultures o Offer Hausa men and women an alternative world that is not really unlike their own o films present the viewers a way of engaging tradition outside their culture but not from the West circulation of media between non-western countries is important aspect of global cultural flows - ex: Hong Kong o this examine points to how the question of womens rights excites political and ideological struggles framed in terms of cultural authenticity versus foreign influence tension between = placing gender equality/human rights centre of society vs. is it an alien western imposition ? o global circulation of western ideologies often made up of Englitenment world (freedom, welfare, democracy) o cultural interconnections and tenstions that result at these ideologies are localized in various places - world of motion globalization: o capital moves effortlessly drawing more places into financial networks o people readily (not freely) cut across national boundaries (spaces where cultures clash are created) o commodities move one locality to another they are primary mediators in encounter of cultural others o images flicker quickly, providing people new ways of being in the world - processes operating on global scale cut across national boundaries integrating and connecting cultures - compressing our sense of time and space making world feel smaller and distances shorter - however no doubt world is experientially shrinking o innovations in communication and transporation technology made it easier and quicker for people and things to get around - there are limits to global mobility and connection not necessarily that world is shrinking for everyone and in all places - experience of globalization is awkward and uneven process o ex: some people may possess political and economic resources to trot across the world many more have little/no access to transport and means of communication price of plane ticket is too high for them o there are large expanses of the planet that are only tangentially tied into the webs ex: whole areas of Africa are literally off all kinds of maps (maps of telecommunication, world trade, finance, global tourism) such places have few circuits connecting them to anywhere - while the world is full of complex mobilities there are also places and people that are exluded from these movements - the very process that produce the movements and linkages also promote immobility, exclusion and disconnection o this is also world of globalization - anthropology is most concerned with how globalizing process exist in particular societies with their historical cultures and ways of life - anthropology of globalization is concerned with also the experiences of people living in specific localities The Spaces and Times of Globalization - globalization is simply an intensification of global interconnectedness - the world today is an intensification of economic, political, cultural and ecological interdependence - as brought remote parts of the world in contact with metropolitan centres - however globalization also implies a fundamental reordering of time and space Speeding it Up - David Harvey conceptualizes globalization as a manifestation of the changing experience of time and space - time-space compression refers to manner in which the speeding up of economic and social process has shrunk the globe o So that the distance and time no longer appear to be major constraints on organization of human activity
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