2 long question 10% each, 2 page long to write
4/6 choose short answer 5% each
study the question will be fine. Lec notes help you to understand more
who said what who said what
lecture notes help to frame
short answer point farm is ok too
here are a number of study questions to help you prepare for the final exam for ANTC61, which will consist entirely
of short and long answer questions.
The following sample questions will not all be on the exam, nor will they necessarily appear in exactly the same
form. But if you prepare thoughtful answers to these questions, you should be able to perform quite well on both the
short answer and long answer questions on the final.
One student asked about what I am looking for in the short & long answer questions.
I'm interested in seeing you demonstrate to me:
a) that you understand the concepts I'm asking you to write about;
b) that you can explain them clearly in your own words; and
c) that you can make meaningful connections to the articles we've read or examples we've used in class, (or in some
cases to other relevant examples/experiences you might be familiar with).
You don't need to say a LOT necessarily; rather, I'm looking at the coherence and depth of understanding in what
you say. You will be provided with a sheet listing the authors names and article titles for all of the required readings
this term, if you wish to refer to them in formulating your answer (a wise idea).
Remember that anthropology tends to recognize and value the complexity of interactions that combine to produce
particular social worlds. Answers that don't editorialize, and which show an understanding of the complex and
competing mix of forces & values that shape phenomena will do well.
So here are some sample questions to help you prepare:
1. What are some of the challenges associated with assessing the efficacy of traditional medicines?
-in illnesses thought to be caused by magical causes, treatment proceeds by un-working the magic
-healing happens via performance
-Levi-Strauss on Shamanic healing:
-Curer must be confident; patient must believe in curer; community must believe in curer -in psychoanalysis, the patient is supposed to abreact: to re-experience traumatic emotions in a
controlled environment to be relieved of them
-Levi-Strauss suggests that in shamanism, the shaman is the one who abreacts ; using the language of myth and
symbol he objectifies the patients illness and the patients healing
-Allan Young proposes three types of efficacy:
there is no singular view of efficacy; in any given circumstance of the treatment of illness, there are likely to be
several stakeholders, each of whom do not necessarily hold the same view, and whose views may
also change through time: thus what constitutes efficacy is by nature shifting and fluid
Thomas Csordas argues that placebo is imprecise (a black box):
suggests that efficacy of traditional and spiritual healing practices is not easily assessed by looking at final
outcomes, as such an approach will miss the changes which do occur if they do not match the hypothesized or
2. What does it mean to say that pharmaceutical drugs are 'socially active'?' ( chapter 12)
Pharmaceutical drugs are socially active because not only will it interact socially but the information gained in the
process through clinical trails are vital globally. Some pharmaceutical companies are in a political and economic
instable area. Information gained from others are can used for academic and expert finding which could benefit
3. Define 'illness' and 'disease,' and explain how this dichotom is used in medical anthropology. Also
mention any limitations the dichotomy presents. ( Lecture 2)
- Understanding symptoms of illness as recognizable signs of distress
-Lending a social significance to particular illnesses
-Morally situating illness
-Illness impaired functioning as perceived by the patient within a given cultural context
-refers to how a person perceives and responds to symptoms.
-how disease is shaped into experience
-Illness model shapes ones experience of disease
1. a disease or indisposition; sickness
2. a state of ill health3. Obsolete wickedness
Disease of body or mind; poor health; sickness.
1. sickness or disorder.
2.malady of either body or mind the symptoms of which may be physically 3.unobservable. Within general medical
Disease a biological or biochemical malfunction
-describes the perspective of medical specialist
patients condition is framed as a technical issue
-A disease is an abnormal condition affecting the body of an organism.
1.a disordered or incorrectly functioning organ, part, structure, or system of the body resulting from the effect of
genetic or developmental errors, infection, poisons, nutritional deficiency or imbalance, toxicity, or unfavorable
environmental factors; illness; sickness; ailment.
2.any abnormal condition in a plant that interferes with its vital physiological processes, caused by pathogenic
microorganisms, parasites, unfavorable environmental, genetic, or nutritional factors, etc.
3.any harmful, depraved, or morbid condition, as of the mind or societ