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Midterm

Midterm Review (Readings)

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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTC68H3
Professor
Jaeyoon Song
Semester
Fall

Description
Midterm Review Questions from ReadingsEpidemiology Review1How would you distinguish an epidemiologists perspective on disease from that of a biomedical physicianAn anthropologistAnthropology study of infectious disease is an intrinsically biocultural endeavour the anthropology of infectious disease described here must be a holistic one in which traditional subdisciplinary boundaries are irrelevant Biomedicine disease are considered as clinical entities with pathological underpinnings while illnesses are more linked to a patients perception and behaviour ID are caused by biological agents ranging from microscopic intracellular viruses to large structurally complex helminthic parasitesAnthro field disease as the broad area which emphasize the interactions between sociocultural biological ecological variables relating to etiology and prevalence of IDEpidemiology study of disease with consideration to the host agent and the environmentTheydetermine the causes etiology and understand disease patterns to prevent the disease from occurring and control the spread 2What are the critiques of risk factor epidemiologyRisk factor epidemiology refers to a type of epidemiology that involves looking for specific risk factors associated with disease Examples are what is the association between hypertension and developing a heart attack what is the association between lack of exercise and development of obesity It looks at the association between specific risk factors and how those increase the probability of coming down with a specific disease or form of morbidity Risk factor epidemiology is at the middle ground of causeeffect relationships between exposures to health risks and health states Extend the causal search downstream from the individual level to the molecular level and upstreamBesidesthe black box there is a deficiency in its tendency to function in a social economic political and cultural vaccum 3Explain the distinction between incidence and prevalence rates Prevalence proportion of people in a pop who have a specific health problem at a particular point in time or specific time intervalIncidence subsets of prevalence cases but the number of new cases in a pop during a specific period4Why are incidence rates important for evaluating the effectiveness of an intervention to prevent the spread of infectious disease such as an immunization campaign or safer sex educationPrevalence data reveal the extent of a given health problem and can help guide decisions about allocating resources and providing services They do not give idea about possible causes of the health problem or if interventions will helpIncidence on the other hand can be linked with data on risk factors and used to investigate the causes of disease and to evaluate the effectiveness of disease treatments or other interventions5How might prevalence rates be significant for health policymakers and plannersPage 1 of 10
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