Study Guides (248,518)
Canada (121,606)
Anthropology (296)
ANTC68H3 (8)
R Song (1)

ANTC68 Midterm Review Notes .pdf

2 Pages
Unlock Document

R Song

ANTC68 Midterm #1 Review Notes Lecture 1: ▪ Lecture 1 General Taxonomy: Primates: 2 suborders: Prosimians Anthropoids - Lemurs - monkey - Lorises - Apes - Pottos - Humans - Galagos - Tarsiers 2 Infraorders: Platyrrhines Catarrhines -NWM - OWM - Apes - Humans Primates: 2 suborders: Strepsirhines Haplorhines - Lemurs - monkey - Lorises - Apes - Pottos - Humans - Galagos - Tarsiers * note: tarsier categorized as haplorhines bc eats insects and morphology similar to anthropoids* * note: All strepsirhines have a rhinarium * ▪General characteristics of Primates: ⁃ large brain relative to body size ⁃ binocular vision (stereoscopic vision) ⁃ Hypothesis for binocular vision: 1) 3D arboreal environment 2) visual predation hypothesis : earliest primates were probably insectivores ⁃ nails (no claws) ⁃ opposable thumb ⁃ divergent big toe ⁃ dermatogylphs (fingerprints) ⁃ clavicle (collarbone) ⁃ post-orbital bar (cranial feature) (racoon, lemur and gibbons have post-orbital bar) PROSIMIANS ▪ Prosimians General Characteristics: ⁃ small bodied (smaller than 10kg) ⁃ chemical communication via scent-marking common (olfactory communication) ⁃ tooth comb (modified incisors and canines) ⁃ grooming claw on second toe ⁃ tapetum lucidum ▪Prosimians are restricted to OW = in Africa and Asia LEMURS • only found in Madagascar • many are nocturnal • some are diurnal • others cathedral (active during the day and night) • some species show "female dominance" ✓ LEMUR CATTA (RING TAILED LEMUR) ⁃ female dominant ⁃ troop size can be as large as 30 animals ⁃ Diurnal…? ⁃ many vocalizations (howl bark, purr, mew) ⁃ sexually monomorphic ✓ EULEMUR ( "TRUE" LEMURS) ⁃ Cathemeral ⁃ no clear sex-depedent dominance ⁃ some live in small family groups, some groups are larger ⁃ some sexual dichromatic ✓ VARECIA VARIEGATA (RUFFED LEMURS) ⁃ give birth to litters ⁃ "park" infants ⁃ have multiple nipples ⁃ live in small family groups ⁃ loud alarm calls ✓ INDRIIDS AND SIFAKA ⁃ avahi, indri, and propithecus ⁃ all are folivorous (eat leaves) ⁃ largest of the lemurs ⁃ primary mode of locomotion: vertical clinging and leaping; bipedal hopping on ground ✓ HAPALEMUR & PROLEMUR (BAMBOO LEMURS) ⁃ cathemeral ⁃ bamboo "specialists" ⁃ consumes high levels of cyanide in bamboo ✓ DAUBENTONIA MADAGASCARIENSIS (AYE-AYE) ⁃ ever-growing incisors ⁃ insectivores ⁃ elongated middle finger to tap on wood, uses ears to listen for grubs inside ⁃ inhabits woodpecker niche ✓ MOUSE LEMURS, DWARF LEMURS, FORK-MARKED LEMUR ⁃ family cheirogaleidae ⁃ nocturnal ⁃ mouse lemur is the smallest living primate ⁃ fat-tailed drwarf lemur hibernates (and enters torpor) LORISIFORMES • all are nocturnal • all park infants ⁃ LORISES ⁃ asia ⁃ toxins in saliva = if bites human, will go in shock ⁃ slow , stealthy movement ⁃ functional and not anti- predator ⁃ POTTOS ⁃ African mainland ⁃ have a "scapular shield" (raised tubercles on back that are covered by thick skin and bristles) for defense ⁃ GALAGOS "BUSH BABIES" ⁃ Africa ⁃ carry infants in their mouths ⁃ urine wash (thought to be for scent-marking and territorial purposes = now believed to be for better grip) ⁃ slightly wet =better grip ⁃ big as a rabbit ⁃ good bin
More Less

Related notes for ANTC68H3

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.