[BIOC32H3] - Midterm Exam Guide - Ultimate 77 pages long Study Guide!

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Published on 5 Oct 2016
School
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UTSC
BIOC32H3
MIDTERM EXAM
STUDY GUIDE
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tutorial 1: how to critique research articles
writing a critical summary
1. the conclusion of the article is usually found in the last sentence of the abstract
2. make a list of definitions you dont know and find them out AFTER you read it
3. highlight what the BIG PICTURE is
4. first and last sentence of the article INTRODUCTION first paragraph are the most important
5. not always possible to get control groups (control patients who commit suicide)
6. should start off by skipping results and read DISCUSSION instead
a. discussion has a summary of the results
effective summary of paper
1. not simply description
a. it is a product of analysis, synthesis, and evaluation
2. requires critical reading
a. big picture approach
b. sometimes a paper says it will do something, but the data may not always do what it
sets out to do
what does it mean?
1. saying DPAT binding in prefrontal cortex has nothing to do with whether or not patients are
suicidal
2. PROF:
a. results indicated that suicide has little effect on the density of high affinity sites of DPAT
binding in subjects with schizophrenia
3. HOWEVER
a. need to have evidence to convince the reader that your interpretation is correct
effective summaries
1. the mathematical values aren't necessary for the BIG PICTURE
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a. e.g. statistically relevant, YES, but do not need to include the actual numbers, only what
the numbers represent
2. take out only the most important points
3. omit all unnecessary details
4. capture the essence of what the author is concluding
critical summaries
1. do not repeat what the author is saying
2. assess the text
a. are the methods appropriate?
b. are the conclusions supported by the results?
c. are there any problems with the author's methods, evidence or reasoning?
d. do the findings support ...
critical reading strategies
1. review background knowledge
a. what do you know already
2. preview the structure of the article
a. what are the main ideas
b. what evidence supports those ideas
3. read carefully
a. what is the author saying?
b. ...
c. ...
tutorial assignments
exercise 2
1. summarize the author's viewpoint
a.
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