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BIOC40H3 Study Guide - Final Guide: Kyoto Protocol, Sound Barrier, Radiosonde

Biological Sciences
Course Code
Mary Olaveson
Study Guide

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Sonic Boom: Sound barrier is broken to create sonic compression
, examples are bullwhip and aviation and this is when air travels faster than speed of sound
Process of transporting POPs from parts of the world to the arctic regions
Through summer, POPs travel with the wind and sinks during winter
Repeats itself until it reaches the pole
Compare and contrast land/sea breeze with monsoonal circulations
Land/sea is regional and monsoon is continental
Land/sea is affected by coriolis and monsoon is not
Land/sea is diurnal and monsoon is seasonal
Both are thermally driven leading to onshore and offshore breezes
What are different ways to measure upper level winds?
Radiosonde, measuring the wind speed directly, but more importantly they record changes
in pressure at specific altitudes.
In what ways the wind is used as a power source for mankind? Give details in past, present and
Early uses in Persia and China included grain grinding and water pumping
Dutch used in agriculture industry and land drainage
Windturbine which was the extension of the windmill produced electricity used
during OPEC crisis and 1990s with Kyoto Protocol
Sailing is possible with the wind as difference in air pressure and bernoulli’s principle
Current aviation and commercial flights at any given moment
Future of wind power iswind farm and pickering nuclear plant
A friend says that satellite measurements have demonstrated that Earth’s climate is actually cooling,
how do you respond?
Launched in 1970s so to have solid data on climate, must have more than 30 years of data
Doesn’t take into account solar radiation absorbed in earth
Doesn’t take global circulation into account
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