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BIOD60H3 Study Guide - Ionic Bonding, Alanine, Knockout Mouse

Biological Sciences
Course Code
Shelley A.Brunt

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FSG Session #2: BIOB10Y3: Cell and Molecular Aspects of Genetic Processes
Section # 1: Terms to know
Peptide bonds: ___________ group of one amino acid becomes attached to the _______
group of another.
: formed between atoms/molecules that are attracted together because of their
opposing ____________.
Van der Waals forces - temporary charges in nonpolar molecules -‘_________.
Functional Groups: Are
Common Linkages: Alcohol + ____________ = Ester , _________ + ___________ =
Section # 2: Short Answers
1) What is going on in the picture below? (Bonds? Electronegative atom? Electrons?
Why doesn’t Oxygen want to be alone? Etc.)
2) List the types of noncovalent interactions that are important in cells. Think of some
examples where these interactions are important.
3) What are the building blocks of polymers? What reaction occurs when you join these
building blocks? What reaction occurs when you break down polymers? Decide which of
these reactions occur below.
a) Glucose + Glucose ------ > Maltose + Water
b) Sucrose + Water --------- > Glucose + Fructose
Highschool Review: List the Four Types of Biological Macromolecules + monomers +
bond name.
4) Disaccharides vs Polysaccharides. Think of some polysaccharides and brainstorm their
function and the types of linkages they have.
5) Suggest why many of the unsaturated hydrocarbons are liquid at room temperature as
opposed to the saturated ones which are solid at room temperature.
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