EXCELLENT Comparison Chart of Types of Blood

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Biological Sciences
Stefan Rusyniak

LECTURE 8 – BLOOD Erythrocytes Neutrophils Eosinophils Basophils Monocytes Lymphocytes Platelets Abundance ~43% of total blood volume 40-60% (most 1-4% (not very <1% (least 2-8% (not 20-40% (2 nd common common common very most common leukocyte) leukocyte) leukocyte) common leukocyte) leukocyte) Derived Bone marrow Differentiate Megakaryocytes from from bone (large, marrow multinucleated precursor cells with larger amount of cytoplasm) in bone marrow Size 7.5-8.5 µm ~12-15 µm ~12-15 µm ~12-15 µm ~18 µm - Cell size 3-5 µm (diameter) (largest determined by leukocyte) amount of cytoplasm. - Smallest leukocyte Nucleus - Enucleate (no nucleus) - Multilobed Bilobed nucleus - Bilobed Large, Round, fairly None - Amitotic nucleus nucleus eccentric, dense nucleus - Central region = area of - Usually 4-7 - difficult to light- pallor lobules in see staining - Lighter staining mature cells (pale) - Fewer protein - # of lobules - nucleus maturity (often horseshoe or kidney bean shaped) Shape/ Biconcave disk (allows for - Few Produces - Large Decondense - Very little Not cell, but Contents flexibility and maximize SA mitochondria histaminase and granules d chromatin cytoplasm fragments of for gas exchange) and other Aryl-sulphatase - Have cell when inactive cells organelles surface - When - Contain very immune- activated, large globulins— cytoplasm lysosomes. IgE accumulates - Contain - Granules and cell size enzymes containing: increases including Heparin lysozymes, sulphate, lactoferrin, histamine, myelo- leukotrienes peroxidase, and metallo- proteases Function - Transport O2to cells and - Stores They mediate - Not well Differentiat - Increase - Stops bleeding tissues (contain hemoglobin glycogen and inflammation known e into production into sub- [Hb]) uses glycolysis and are often - Function macrophage during viral endothelial CTs - Production is controlled by for energy. used to modulate similar to s, infections - Hyalomere: erythropoietin hormone - Targets the activity of mast cells. osteoclasts, - Recognize contractile bacteria mast cells. etc. and respond to component antigens - Chromomere: - In tissues, 1) Dense- associated with colored immune granules: system serotonin - Capable of (vasoconstrictor) recirculating; and histamine can enter CTs (vasodilator) or lymphatic 2) Alpha vessels granules: includes 3 different fibrinogens that types: help with 1) Bone clotting and marrow  B- platelet-deriving lymphocyt
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